PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN ACTIVITIES DAILY LIVING (ADL) LANSIA TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP KELUARGA (Di Wilayah RW V Kelurahan Giriwono Kecamatan Wonogiri)

RATNASARI, NITA YUNIANTI (2011) PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN ACTIVITIES DAILY LIVING (ADL) LANSIA TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP KELUARGA (Di Wilayah RW V Kelurahan Giriwono Kecamatan Wonogiri). PhD thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRAK Nita Yunianti Ratnasari, S540809018, 2011. Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Activities Daily Living (ADL) Lansia Terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap Keluarga di Wilayah RW V Kelurahan Giriwono Kecamatan Wonogiri. Tesis Program studi Magister Kedokteran Keluarga, Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. Latar Belakang: Peningkatan jumlah penduduk lansia akan berdampak terhadap sosial ekonomi baik dalam keluarga, masyarakat, maupun dalam pemerintah. Kondisi fisik seseorang yang telah memasuki masa lansia mengalami penurunan yang pada akhirnya akan berpengaruh pada aktivitas kehidupan sehari-hari. Keluarga masih merupakan tempat tinggal utama bagi para lansia, sehingga keluarga memegang andil yang besar dalam pemberian perawatan lansia, sedangkan belum tentu semua keluarga sudah mengerti bagaimana merawat ADL lansia yang semestinya. Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan Activities Daily Living (ADL) lansia terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap keluarga. Metode: Quasy eksperimen dengan rancangan one group pre test and post test design. Populasi adalah keluarga dengan lansia di wilayah Kelurahan Giriwono sejumlah 50 orang. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan purposive sampling diperoleh jumlah sampel sebanyak 43 orang. Uji validitas alat ukur dengan korelasi product moment, dan uji reliabilitas dengan korelasi item total dan Alpha Cronbach sebagai ukuran konsistensi internal. Pengelolaan data dengan SPSS 17, dengan uji T test. Hasil: Terdapat pengaruh yang bermakna antara pengetahuan responden tentang ADL lansia sebelum dan setelah mendapatkan pendidikan kesehatan dengan t hitung sebesar 7.491 (p=0,000; α < 0,05). Terdapat pengaruh yang bermakna antara sikap responden sebelum dan setelah mendapatkan pendidikan kesehatan ADL lansia dengan nilai t hitung sebesar 3.130 (p=0,003; α<0,05). Kesimpulan: Pemberian pendidikan kesehatan Activities Daily Living (ADL) lansia pada keluarga bermakna secara signifikan dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap keluarga. Kata kunci : Pendidikan kesehatan, Activities Daily Living (ADL) Lansia, Pengetahuan, Sikap, Keluarga. ABSTRACT Nita Yunianti Ratnasari, S540809018, 2010. Effect of Health Education Activities for Daily Living (ADL) Elderly On The Knowledge and Attitudes of Family Area RW V Village Giriwono District Wonogiri. Thesis Master Study Program of Family Medicine, Postgraduate Program Sebelas Maret University Surakarta. Background:An increasing number of elderly residents will have an impact on socioeconomic well in families, communities, and in government. The physical condition of a person who has entered a period of decline in the elderly will ultimately affect the activities of daily living. The family is still the main residence for the elderly, so that the family holds a great share in providing elderly care, while not all families have to understand how the proper care for ADL in the elderly. Objective: This study proposed to determine the effect health education ADL elderly on knowledge and attitude of the family. Method: It was quasy experimental methods with design one group pre test and post test design. The population is families with elderly in the village of Giriwono 50 people. Sample is families with elderly in RW V Kelurahan Giriwono. The sampling technique with the purposive sampling obtained sample size was 43 persons. Validity test gauge with product moment correlation, and reliability of measuring instruments checked with total item correlation and Cronbach Alpha as a measure of internal consistency. Managing data with SPSS 17, with T test. Result: The results showed the significant influence of knowledge about elderly ADL before and after receiving health education (p = 0.000, α <0.05). There was significant influence between the attitudes of respondents before and after receiving health education elderly ADL (p = 0.003, α <0.05). Conclusion: of this study is health education Activities of Daily Living (ADL) in elderly families is significantly meaningful in improving knowledge and attitude of the family. Keywords: Health Education, Activities for Daily Living (ADL) in Geriatry, Knowledge, Attitude, Family.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Pendidikan kesehatan, Activities Daily Living (ADL) Lansia, Pengetahuan, Sikap, Keluarga. Health Education, Activities for Daily Living (ADL) in Geriatry, Knowledge, Attitude, Family.
    Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Magister Kedokteran Keluarga
    Depositing User: Fairly Okta'mal
    Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2013 13:10
    Last Modified: 26 Jul 2013 13:10
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/9618

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