Intestinal Effects of Dietary Betaine in Piglets

Mosenthin, R. and Ratriyanto, A. and Jezierny, D. and Eklund, M. (2009) Intestinal Effects of Dietary Betaine in Piglets. Bulletin UASVM, 66 (1). pp. 398-403. ISSN 1843-5270; 1843-5378 (Electronic)

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    The study was conducted to investigate the effects of graded dietary inclusion levels of betaine on ileal and total tract nutrient digestibilities and intestinal bacterial fermentation characteristics in piglets. A total of 8 barrows (BW 7.9 kg) was fitted with simple T-cannulas at the distal ileum. The animals were randomly allocated to 1 of the 4 assay diets with 2 pigs per treatment in 4 repeated measurement periods. The assay diets included a basal diet based on wheat, barley and soybean meal alone, or supplemented with a liquid betaine product at dietary levels of 1.5, 3.0, or 6.0 g betaine kg–1 diet (as–fed). Ileal digestibilities of dry matter (DM) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) increased both quadratically and linearly (P<0.05), and ileal digestibility of glycine increased linearly as dietary betaine level increased (P<0.05). Moreover, there were linear increases in the concentrations of ileal D–lactic acid (P<0.05), indicating intensified intestinal bacterial activities as dietary betaine level increased. At the fecal level, total tract crude protein (CP) digestibility increased quadratically (P<0.05), and digestibility of amino acids (AA) tended to increase quadratically (P=0.06 to P=0.11), except for proline (P>0.05), as dietary betaine level increased. The increased bacterial degradation of CP and AA in the large intestine coincides with the linear increase (P<0.05) in fecal diaminopimelic acid concentrations, indicating enhanced intestinal bacterial growth with increasing dietary betaine levels. In most cases, there was a response in the variables that were measured up to 3.0 g betaine per kg diet, whereas increasing the betaine level from 3.0 to 6.0 g betaine per kg diet had no additional effect. It can be concluded that dietary betaine stimulates microbial fermentation of fiber in the small intestine, leaving less fermentable fiber to reach the large intestine and therefore, increased microbial degradation of protein in the large intestine may occur. Keywords: piglets, betaine, digestibility, bacterial fermentation, microflora

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam > Biologi
    Depositing User: mr azis r
    Date Deposited: 23 May 2013 21:38
    Last Modified: 23 May 2013 21:38

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