THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING TO TEACH READING COMPREHENSION VIEWED FROM STUDENTS’ INTELLIGENCE (An Experimental Study in SMPN 14 Surakarta in the Academic Year of 2009/2010)

Peni, Kitri Katon (2011) THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING TO TEACH READING COMPREHENSION VIEWED FROM STUDENTS’ INTELLIGENCE (An Experimental Study in SMPN 14 Surakarta in the Academic Year of 2009/2010). Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    The objectives of the research were to examine: (1) whether the contextual teaching and learning method was more effective than grammar translation method in teaching reading for the eighth grade students of SMPN 14 Surakarta in the academic year of 2009/2010; (2) whether the students having high intelligence quotient had better reading comprehension than those having low intelligence quotient for the eighth grade students of SMPN 14 Surakarta in the academic year of 2009/2010; and (3) whether there was an interaction between teaching methods and the students’ intelligence in teaching reading for the eighth grade students of SMPN 14 Surakarta in the academic year of 2009/2010. The research was carried out at SMPN 14 Surakarta, from November 2009 to August 2010. The method used for the research was experimental study. The population of the research was the eighth grade students of SMPN 14 Surakarta. The sampling technique used was cluster random sampling. The sample of the research was two classes; they were experimental class which was taught using contextual teaching and learning method and control class which was taught using grammar translation method. The number of sample used in the research was 36 students from experimental class and 36 students from control class. The technique of collecting data was documentary and test technique. The first was used to collect the data of students’ intelligence scores. The latter was used to know the students’ ability in reading comprehension. The reading test was in the form of multiple choices with four options. It had been tried out first, in order to know the validity and reliability of instrument. Meanwhile, to analyze the data, Multifactor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test of 2x2 and Tukey test were used. Before conducting the ANOVA test, normality and homogeneity test were conducted. The result of data analysis showed that: (1) contextual teaching and learning method was more effective than grammar translation method in teaching reading for the eighth grade students of SMPN 14 Surakarta in the academic year of 2009/2010; (2) the students having high intelligence had better reading comprehension than those having low intelligence for the eighth grade students of SMPN 14 Surakarta in the academic year of 2009/2010; and (3) there was an interaction between teaching methods and students’ intelligence in teaching reading for the eighth grade students of SMPN 14 Surakarta in the academic year of 2009/2010. Seeing the result of the research, it could be concluded that contextual teaching and learning method was an effective method to teach reading comprehension. The research also showed that the effect of teaching methods depended on the degree of intelligence. Therefore, the English teachers were recommended to apply the seven components of contextual teaching and learning method in the classroom, particularly in teaching reading comprehension.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
    L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
    P Language and Literature > PE English
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris - S2
    Depositing User: Dyah Pratiwi
    Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2013 05:23
    Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 05:23
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/8423

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