PEMBUATAN EKSTRAKTOR DISTILATOR DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN BARANG BEKAS DAN LIMBAH INDUSTRI KAYU UNTUK PENGAMBILAN MINYAK ATSIRI

Putri, Natalia Winanti and Wirantiningsih, Nia and Silasati, Wahyu (2010) PEMBUATAN EKSTRAKTOR DISTILATOR DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN BARANG BEKAS DAN LIMBAH INDUSTRI KAYU UNTUK PENGAMBILAN MINYAK ATSIRI. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    The development of increasingly advanced technology and sophisticated to make equipment more expensive. Process equipment for making this essential oil is engineered from existing equipment and is expected to produce the quality of essential oil with high economic value with less cost. The aim of this thesis is to design tools by utilizing industrial waste and scrap wood for making essential oils and essential oils to know the best results with high angsang variations. This tool is designed to cover the extraction tank with a capacity of 30 L distilled water distillers and 46.98L material, a vertical cylinder with a height dimension of 43 cm, diameter 51 cm. Condenser shaped vertical cylinder with dimensions of 77 cm high, diameter 51 cm. Water storage tank for cooling water circulation vertical cylindrical with dimensions 86.5 cm high, diameter 57 cm. In the process of extraction tank filled with distilled water and eucalyptus leaves inserted as much as 5 kg with a height variation angsang. Water is heated with wood stoves containing powder to boiling. The steam generated will contact and eucalyptus leaf extract and then evaporated with eucalyptus oil. The steam is cooled in a condenser pipe, forming a distillate. Distillate consists of two layers, layer upon layer of oil and under the form of water. Eucalyptus oil can be produced with high variation angsang then analyzed its density. From the analysis results showed that the best eucalyptus oil produced in the experiment with the high three angsang 20 cm from the bottom of the tank or 5 cm from the surface of the water distillers. Produced a greater yield than the other experiments is 0.7264% and green. Analyses of eucalyptus oil has been produced to meet SNI (Standar Nasional Indonesia), then this tool can be used with the height angsang 5 cm from the surface of the water distillers.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
    Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > D3 - Teknik Kimia
    Depositing User: Miftahful Purnanda Puspasari
    Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2013 21:32
    Last Modified: 22 Jul 2013 21:32
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/8228

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