EFEK JUS BUAH ANGGUR MERAH ( Vitis vinifera Linn. ) TERHADAP PENGHAMBATAN PENINGKATAN KADAR LDL KOLESTEROL DARAH TIKUS PUTIH ( Rattus norvegicus )

Fauzi, Reza (2009) EFEK JUS BUAH ANGGUR MERAH ( Vitis vinifera Linn. ) TERHADAP PENGHAMBATAN PENINGKATAN KADAR LDL KOLESTEROL DARAH TIKUS PUTIH ( Rattus norvegicus ). Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Coronary heart attack (PJK) and stroke are the diseases with highest mortality rate in the world. Various studies show that there is a close relatioship between Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and both diseases. One of the studies that they include using grape juice. Grape contains pro-anthocyanidine, resveratrol and licopene related closely to the hypercholesterolemic prevention. This research aims at finding out the effect of red grape juice on inhibition of the increase of white mice LDL cholesterol. This research was experimental laboratory in nature with pre and post test controlled group design. The subjects of research were 27 white adult male mice from Sprageu-Dawley strain. The subject of research was divided into 3 groups, each of which consist of 9 white mice. Group I (KI) as the control, Group II (KII) as the treatment group and Group III (KIII) as comparator. All subjects of research are fed with standard meal for 7 days (adaptation). After adaptation, the pre test was carried out. Then, the treatment was done for 14 days. All groups got hypercholesterolemic food ad libitum (combination of 88.5%, standard feed (pallet), 1% coconut oil, 10% pig oil, and 0.5% cholesterol crystal), duck yolk per dosage 9.5 g/kgBW, and 0.1 PTU ad libitum. KI was administerd with 2 ml Aquadest, KII with grape juice 18 g/kgBW in 2 ml, and KIII with Simvastatin medicine 0.9/KgBW in 2 ml. After 14 days, white mice is fasted for 12 hours and the sample of blood were taken through vena orbitalis using microcapillary tube. The white mice’ blood was measured for LDL cholesterol level using spectrophotometry (Direct homogenous method). The statistical analysis was done using SPSS 15.0 for Windows. Anova test was used as the statistical test when there was significant difference among the data research. The mean of cholesterol LDL level increase after pre test from KI (22.71 ± 7.04), KII (21.04 ± 3.87), and KIII (22.37 ± 9.15) into KI (75.31 ± 47.94), KII (51.12 ± 39.28), and KIII (35.34 ± 10.53). The mean of standard deviation between posttest and pretest is KI (58.26), KII (30.32), and KIII (13.87). The result of anova test on the standard deviation between the posttest and pretest indicated the significant result (p=0.043). The standard deviation of posttest and pretest is subjects to the Post Hoc test and the result indicated that there was a significant difference between Group I and III of p = 0.014 (p<0.05), while the insignificant difference result was obtained between groups I and II at p of 0.113 (p>0.05). From the result of research, it ca be concluded that red grape juice administration at dosage 18g/kgBW cannot inhibit the increase of cholesterol LDL for 14 days. Keyword: Grape Juice, LDL cholesterol, Rattus norvegicus DAFTAR ISI

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran
    Depositing User: Na'imatur Rofiqoh
    Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2013 14:26
    Last Modified: 22 Jul 2013 14:26
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/7768

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