The Indonesian Constitution 1945: Why was it amended?

Sarsito, Totok (2013) The Indonesian Constitution 1945: Why was it amended? University of Sebelas Maret.

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    In 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002, the Indonesian Constitution 1945 was amended by MPR or the People’s Consultative Assembly, the bearer of the people’s sovereignty. The amendment was not without opposition. A number of ex military generals, political elites, and scientists opposed the amendment. They demanded that the amendment be cancelled and that MPR re-enact the Constitution 1945, originally and consistently. But, convinced by the argument that the Constitution had conceptual weaknesses, the majority of MPR insisted on amending the Constitution in order to make it more democratic, modern, comprehensive, and responsive to every new challenge. The amendment was also meant to implement the values and ideals formulated by the Preamble and to prevent the power holders from doing power abuse by returning back the sovereignty to the people; confining the power and authority of MPR as well as the President, but enforcing the power and authority of DPR or the People’s Representative Council; promoting autonomy for the local governments; establishing DPD or the Regional Representative Council, the Judicial Commission as well as the Constitution Court; guaranteeing the honor of human rights; improving the quality of education by allocating 20 percent of the national and local government budget; etc. In order not to deviate from the basic values formulated in the Preamble, the amendment did not at all touch the Preamble and not alter the form of the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia. Keyword: The Constitution 1945, MPR or the People’s Consultative Assembly, and amendment

    Item Type: Other
    Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Hukum > Ilmu Hukum
    Depositing User: mr azis r
    Date Deposited: 21 May 2013 17:35
    Last Modified: 05 Sep 2016 15:02

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