ANALISIS TINGKAT PARTISIPASI PETANI DALAM KEGIATAN PRIMA TANI LAHAN SAWAH INTENSIF DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN

Wibowo, Arie Prasetyo (2011) ANALISIS TINGKAT PARTISIPASI PETANI DALAM KEGIATAN PRIMA TANI LAHAN SAWAH INTENSIF DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    SUMMARY Arie Prasetyo Wibowo. H0405016. “ANALYSIS OF FARMER PARTICIPATION FOR PRIMA TANI FARM INTENSIFICATION AT GROBOGAN REGENCY”. Summary of minithesis advised by Ir. Marcelinus Molo, MS, PhD as main advisor and Emi Widiyanti, SP, MS, as co-advisor. Farmer employing is concerned with process of inovation and technology adoption. For that purpose, Ministry of Agriculture organized Pioneer and Acceleration Program for Applying Farming Technology Inovation (Program Rintisan dan Akselerasi Pemasyarakatan Inovasi Teknologi Pertanian / Prima Tani). It was aimed to optimize the functions of Department of Research and Development in increasing rural people’s welfare based on technology inovation and institutional role. One of important determinant factors for success of Prima Tani is farmer participation. This participation is affected by internal factor (farmer’s status of social and economic) and external factors (economic environment and social environment). This research was aimed to investigate factors affecting farmer’s participation, farmer’s participation, and to investigate relationship between factors affecting farmer’s participation and farmer’s participation in Prima Tani. This research was performed at Grobogan Regency using descriptive method. Joint Farmer Group “Amanah” of Kluwan Village was purposively selected to be the sample region as the village was rated by BPTP Central Java as a proper region for applying Prima Tani. A sample of 40 respondents was taken using proportional random sampling. Data were analyzed using Spearman’s Rank Correlation. Results of this research show that farmers’ status of social and economic are 52,5% at medium category, include: the majority of respondents aged between 36-50 years, majority of respondents not attending school and not or complete primary school, the majority of respondents often following extension activities and training, the majority of respondents had total revenues of Rp 5,000,000.00 - Rp 10.000,00 in 1 MT and can meet the needs of family farmers, the majority of respondents have experience in acting and provide an assessment of activities in addition to Prima Tani follow and also has experience in rice cultivation are long (>20 years), the majority of respondents often follow group activities and contribute materially to the group's activities, the majority of respondents often follow group activities and contribute materially to the group's activities and the majority of respondents has an area of land tenure between 0,25-0,75Ha. Economic environment are 67,5% at medium category, include: rice farm production infrastructure facilities available between 2-4 type, the majority of respondents using only one institution of capital, the majority of respondents stated that the Department always offer technological innovations related to agriculture and the majority of respondents only use one marketing channel only. Social environment are 52% at high category, include: Parties that support (> 3 sides) and provide assistance (between 1-2 grants) for the smooth operation of Prima Tani, Frequency farmers obtain information on the Prima Tani enough (1- 2 information/months) using information resources between 3-4 sources of information and the majority of respondents frequent social interaction with other farmers, Office/PPL, village officials, traders and private. Meanwhile participation in planning are 45% at low category, participation in performing are 52,5% at high category, participation in supervising and evaluation are 50% at medium category, and participation in crop wielding are 52,5% at medium category. The computation of Spearman’s rank correlations and their significance tests with 95% confidence interval result as follow: there is significant correlation between farmers’ status of social and economic and their participation in planning, performing, supervising, and evaluation. There is significant correlation between economic environment and farmers’ participation in planning. There is significant correlation between social environment and farmers’ participation in planning, performing, supervising, evaluation, and crop wielding. RINGKASAN Arie Prasetyo Wibowo. H0405016. ”ANALISIS TINGKAT PARTISIPASI PETANI DALAM KEGIATAN PRIMA TANI LAHAN SAWAH INTENSIF DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN”. Berdasarkan skripsi yang dibimbing oleh Pembimbing Utama Ir. Marcelinus Molo, MS, PhD dan Pembimbing Pendamping Emi Widiyanti, SP, MS. Pemberdayaan petani kecil tidak terlepas dari proses adopsi inovasi dan teknologi. Oleh karena itu Departemen Pertanian membuat Program Rintisan dan Akselerasi Pemasyarakatan Inovasi Teknologi Pertanian (Prima Tani) yang bertujuan mempertajam fungsi Badan Litbang Pertanian dalam peningkatan kesejahtraan masyarakat pedesaan berbasis inovasi teknologi dan kelembagaan. Salah satu faktor penting yang menentukan keberhasilan Prima Tani adalah partisipasi petani. Perkembangan partisipasi petani dipengaruhi oleh faktor internal petani (status sosial ekonomi petani) dan faktor eksternal petani (lingkungan ekonomi dan lingkungan sosial). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi partisipasi petani, tingkat partisipasi petani dan mengkaji hubungan antara faktor- faktor yang mempengaruhi partisipasi petani dengan tingkat partisipasi petani dalam kegiatan Prima Tani. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kabupaten Grobogan dengan menggunakan metode deskriptif. Pemilihan daerah sampel dilakukan secara sengaja (purposive) yaitu Gabungan Kelompok Tani ”Amanah” Desa Kluwan merupakan daerah yang dinilai layak oleh BPTP Jawa Tengah sebagai daerah percontohan Prima Tani. Responden yang digunakan sebanyak 40 responden dengan menggunakan teknik acak proposional (proporsional random sampling). Sedangkan metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Analisis Korelasi Rank Spearman (rs). Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa status sosial ekonomi petani 52,5% dalam kategori sedang, meliputi: mayoritas responden berusia antara 36-50 tahun, mayoritas responden tidak bersekolah dan tidak/tamat SD, mayoritas responden sering mengikuti kegiatan penyuluhan dan pelatihan, Sebagian besar responden (52,5%) memiliki jumlah pendapatan antara Rp 5.000.000,00–Rp 10.000,00 dalam 1 MT dan dapat memenuhi kebutuhan keluarga petani, mayoritas responden memiliki pengalaman dalam berperan dan memberikan penilaian terhadap kegiatan selain Prima Tani mengikuti dan serta memiliki pengalaman dalam budidaya padi yang lama (>20tahun), mayoritas responden sering mengikuti kegiatan kelompok dan memberikan sumbangan materiil untuk kegiatan kelompok, mayoritas responden sering mengikuti kegiatan kelompok dan memberikan sumbangan materiil untuk kegiatan kelompok dan mayoritas responden memiliki luas penguasaan lahan antara 0,25 – 0,75 Ha. Lingkungan ekonomi 67,5% dalam kategori sedang, meliputi: sarana prasarana produksi usahatani padi tersedia antara 2-4 jenis, mayoritas responden hanya menggunakan satu lembaga permodalan, mayoritas responden menyatakan bahwa Dinas selalu menawarkan inovasi teknologi yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dan mayoritas responden hanya menggunakan saluran pemasaran saja. Lingkungan sosial 52% dalam kategori tinggi, meliputi: pihak yang mendukung (>3 pihak) dan

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan
    Depositing User: Fairly Okta'mal
    Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2013 07:08
    Last Modified: 22 Jul 2013 07:08
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/7721

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