HUBUNGAN ANTARA PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK USIA 6 BULAN - 5 TAHUN DI RSUD DR. MUWARDI SURAKARTA

Pradhana , Aditya (2010) HUBUNGAN ANTARA PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK USIA 6 BULAN - 5 TAHUN DI RSUD DR. MUWARDI SURAKARTA. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Objectives: The purpose of the research is to find out an association between exclusive breastfeeding and pneumonia infection in 6 months – 5 years old children at RSUD Dr. Muwardi, Surakarta. Methods: This research belongs to the analytical observational study with case control design, thirty children were used as the subjects (15 as the subject case and the other 15 as the subject control). Research took place in Department of Lung and Department of Pediatric, RSUD Dr. Muwardi, Surakarta and was done at May 27 th until September 19 th 2009. The sampling technique was fixed disease sampling. Chi square Mantel-Haenszel statistic test was used to find out the association between the two variables. Odds Ratio Mantel-Haenszel (ORMH) were used to find out the strengh of the association between variables in this research. Results: Data from this researh showed 11 children (36,6%) of case subject were not gaining the exclusive breastfeeding, while 4 children (13,3%) of case subject were gaining the exclusive breastfeeding. From control subject, 2 children (6,6%) were not gaining the exclusive breastfeeding, while 13 children (43%) of control subject were gaining the exclusive breast-feeding. The chi square Mantel-Haenszel test presents 0,004 of the significance, so there is an association between exclusive breastfeeding and pneumonia infection in 6 months – 5 years old children at RSUD Dr. Muwardi, Surakarta. The odds ratio Mantel-Haenszel (OR MH) calculating result is 0,0585, there is a negative association between the exclusive breastfeeding and pneumonia infection. Conclusion: There is a negative association between exclusive breastfeeding and pneumonia infection in 6 months – 5 years old children at RSUD Dr. Muwardi, Surakarta (p = 0,004 and ORMH = 0,0585). It means, exclusive breastfeeding can reduce rates of pneumonia infection. Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, pneumonia.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran
    Depositing User: Na'imatur Rofiqoh
    Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2013 03:59
    Last Modified: 21 Jul 2013 03:59
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/7367

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