KEBIJAKAN MONETER PADA MASA PEMERINTAHAN SOEHARTO TAHUN 1966-1971

Setiawan , Agus (2009) KEBIJAKAN MONETER PADA MASA PEMERINTAHAN SOEHARTO TAHUN 1966-1971. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    The objective of research is to find out (1) the background of monetary policy enactment in Soeharto times during 1966-1971; (2) the monetary policy in Soeharto times during 1966-1971; (3) the implementation of monetary policy in Soeharto times during 1966-1971; and (4) the impact of monetary policy in Soeharto times on the economical and political sectors during 1966-1971. This research used a historical method. The data source employed was written primary and secondary sources. The data of research was collected using literary study technique. Technique of collecting data employed in this study was a historical analysis technique. The research procedure included heuristic, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. Based on the result of research, it can be conclusion that: (1) the background of monetary policy enactment in Soeharto times during 1966-1971 was the monetary riots, the production disruption, commercial balance deficit, as well as the government’s increased budget deficit, foreign debt, demoralization, all of which are the inheritances from Soekarno government; (2) the monetary policy in Soeharto times during 1966-1971was based on the MPRS Provision No. XXIII/MPRS/1966 on July 5 about the Reformation of Economical, Financial and Development Foundation Policy. Such MRS provision required an integral economic-financial policy, pertaining two inseparable sides: physical production and monetary aspects. Therefore, New Order government undertook an economical policy prioritizing the monetary stability by making monetary policy coordination, fiscal policy or other macroeconomic policy supporting the economical stabilization and rehabilitation; (3) the implementation of monetary policy in Soeharto times during 1966-1971began with the scheduling of foreign debt and asking for foreign grant to create a balanced budget and to recover Indonesian economy. Along with it, the government made the attempts of saving mobilization, credit distribution to the priority sectors in economy, and adjustment of high interest rate as well as the recovery of single exchange value; (4) the impact of monetary policy in Soeharto times on the economical and political sectors during 1966-1971in economic sector included the success of reducing the growth rate of circulating money and inflation rate, the improvement of public saving mobilization, balanced budget establishment, the more stable export and import value corresponding to Indonesian economic requirement and the recovery of capital flow to home. The impact in political sector included: (a) New Order Government used economic development to strengthen its legitimacy; (b) New Order Government created civil bureaucracy that was effective and loyal to the executive power to support the economic development program; (c) New Order occurred as the authoritarian bureaucratic country (NBO) as the consequence of political stability establishment supporting the economic development; and (d) the dependency on Mafia Berkeley andforeign aid.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
    L Education > L Education (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan
    Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan > Pendidikan Sejarah
    Depositing User: Andika Setiawan
    Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2013 17:42
    Last Modified: 18 Jul 2013 17:42
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/6523

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