A PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE ID VERSUS THE SUPEREGO AS REFLECTED IN “THE MYSTERIOUS STRANGER”, A NOVELLA BY MARK TWAIN AND ITS IMPLICATION ON TEACHING READING IN SMA.

NURHIDAYATI, NOVITA (2010) A PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE ID VERSUS THE SUPEREGO AS REFLECTED IN “THE MYSTERIOUS STRANGER”, A NOVELLA BY MARK TWAIN AND ITS IMPLICATION ON TEACHING READING IN SMA. Other thesis, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan.

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    Abstract

    This research is based on the reason that there is a close relationship between psychology and character description. Therefore the researcher is intended to study the relationship between the characters of The Mysterious Stranger and types of personality in psychoanalysis proposed by Sigmund Freud. The study is also intended to find its implication for teaching reading to SMA students. To focus the research, two basic problem statements are put forward, they are: 1) What psychological personalities are found in the novella, 2) How are the id and the superego clash in the novella. Grounded on the problem statements, the objectives of this study are: 1) To find out the psychological personalities in the novella, 2) To describe the clash between the id and the superego in the novella. This research is a type of descriptive qualitative research which is intended to analyze the clash between the id and the superego in Mark Twain’s novella entitled “The Mysterious Stranger”, as experienced by some characters of the novella namely; the boys, Satan, Father Peter, the astrologer, Marget and Ursula. This study uses psychological approach and takes the psychoanalysis theory from Sigmund Freud. In this theory, there are three layers of personality: the id, the ego and the superego. This theory is used to guide the analysis of characters’ conflicts. In this research, the researcher only uses sample which is taken purposively. The primary data of this study are taken from the novella based on the theory of the id and the superego. This research does not use the secondary data because this study only uses making conceptual coherence to ascertain the quality of the data. The instrument that is used in this study is the novella. In this research, the process of analyzing the data uses interactive model proposed by Miles and Huberman. The findings of the research are consisting two problems. Firstly, the id is represented by Satan and the astrologer while the superego is represented by the boys, Father Peter, Marget and Ursula. Secondly, the conflict between the id and the superego is reflected in different events and among different characters. The id versus the superego is reflected between Satan and the boys with Satan as the winner, between the boys and Father Peter with The boys as the winner, between Father Peter and the astrologer with the astrologer as the winner, between Satan and Ursula with Satan as the winner, between Satan and Marget with Satan as the winner. So the id is the winner and the superego as the loser. The result of the study can improve the understanding in analyzing a novella through psychological approach, and for the other researchers, it can be used as reference to get better comprehension and improvement for their research.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan
    Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
    Depositing User: Users 846 not found.
    Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2013 16:30
    Last Modified: 18 Jul 2013 16:30
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/6224

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