PENANDA KOHESI GRAMATIKAL DAN LEKSIKAL DALAM CERPEN ”THE KILLERS” KARYA ERNEST HEMINGWAY

Ali, Sri Widyarti (2010) PENANDA KOHESI GRAMATIKAL DAN LEKSIKAL DALAM CERPEN ”THE KILLERS” KARYA ERNEST HEMINGWAY. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    This research was aimed at describing the coherence of a discourse supported by grammatical and lexical cohesion in a short story entitled “The Killers” written by Ernest Hemingway. The data of this research were collected through observation method (by reading) and note-taking technique. The source of data was a short story entitled The Killers written by Ernest Hemingway, while the data itself were in the form of clauses or sentences containing the markers of grammatical and lexical cohesion. The data were analyzed by using distributional method and Segmenting Immediate Constituents Technique; afterwards it was continued by applying some continuation techniques such as substitution technique and paraphrase technique. Based on the result of data analysis, it is concluded that The Killers is categorized as a coherent discourse, because it is supported by the markers of lexical and grammatical cohesion. There are four aspects of grammatical cohesion found in this discourse; they are reference, substitution, ellipsis, and conjunction. The grammatical cohesion is dominated by reference amounting to 91,1%, and then conjunction 6,49%, ellipsis 2,04%, and substitution 0,37%. Besides the grammatical cohesion, this discourse also has its lexical cohesion; they are repetition amounting to 22,5%, synonym/near-synonym 20%, hyponym 12,5%, antonym 32,5%, and meronymy 12,5%. Each of the cohesion aspect, either grammatical or lexical cohesion, has its own role in forming the text of discourse, therefore the discourse could be arranged well and coherently. Furthermore, because discourse is a language element which is relatively more complex and complete, then the study of discourse needed to be obligated in language learning process. One case should not be ignored in a discourse study is the comprehension towards the cohesion markers, either grammatically or lexically. It is considered important because cohesion is an aspect forming the physical structure of a discourse. The cohesiveness of physical structure will certainly lead the discourse having a coherent meaning or mental structure. (Key Words: Cohesion, Grammatical Cohesion, Lexical Cohesion, Reference, Substitution, Ellipsis, Conjunction, Reiteration, Collocation)

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
    Q Science > Q Science (General)
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister
    Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Linguistik - S2
    Depositing User: Andika Setiawan
    Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2013 17:30
    Last Modified: 12 May 2014 17:25
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/4599

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