Hubungan Antara Frekuensi Makan, Jenis Bahan Makanan, dan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Status Gizi Anak Sekolah Dasar Negeri Di Kecamatan Praya Timur Kabupaten Lombok Tengah

Jauhari, M. Thonthowi (2018) Hubungan Antara Frekuensi Makan, Jenis Bahan Makanan, dan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Status Gizi Anak Sekolah Dasar Negeri Di Kecamatan Praya Timur Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    M. ThonthowiJauhari. S531408031. 2018. Hubungan Antara Frekuensi Makan, Jenis Bahan Makanan, dan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Status Gizi Anak Sekolah Dasar Negeri Di Kecamatan Praya Timur Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Tesis. Pembimbing 1: Prof.Dr. Santoso, dr.,MS,Sp.OK. Pembimbing II: Dr. Sapja Anantanyu, M.Si. Program Studi Magister Ilmu Gizi, Pascasarjana Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. Latar Belakang: Malnutrisi masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat utama yang banyak dialami oleh anak sekolah dasar (SD) di Indonesia, yang berdampak negatif pada kemampuan akademik anak. Frekuensi makan yang cukup, jenis bahan makanan yang bervariasi dan melakukan aktivitas fisik rutin dapat menjaga berat badan dalam batas normal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara frekuensi makan, jenis bahan makanan, dan aktivitas fisik dengan status gizi anak SD. Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional dengan mengikutsertakan 84 anak SD usia 9-12 tahun kelas V dan VI di kecamatan Praya Timur, Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Data frekuensi makan dan jenis bahan makanan diperoleh menggunakan form food frequency questionnaire, data aktivitas fisik menggunakan physical activity questionnaire for children. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi square dan regresi logistik multinomial dengan taraf signifikansi p < 0,05. Hasil Penelitian: Lebih dari 75% anak SD memiliki frekuensi makan dan jenis bahan makanan kurang sedangkan hampir 30% anak SD memiliki frekuensi makan dan jenis bahan makanan berlebih. Sebanyak 35,7% anak SD memiliki aktivitas fisik ringan. Frekuensi makan (OR: 1.671; CI 95%: 0,266 – 10,483; p = 0,584), jenis bahan makanan (OR: 53,447; CI 95%: 7,081- 403,845; p < 0,001), dan aktivitas fisik (OR: 4.422; CI 95%: 0,789 – 24,784; p = 0,091) berhubungan dengan status gizi anak SD. Kesimpulan: Jenis bahan makanan yang kurang dapat meningkatkan risiko status gizi kurang pada anak SD. Orang tua harus memperhatikan jenis bahan makanan yang disajikan kepada anak SD untuk meningkatkan status gizinya. Kata Kunci: Frekuensi Makan, Jenis Bahan Makanan, Aktivitas Fisik, Status Gizi, Anak Usia Sekolah Dasar. ABSTRACT M. Thonthowi Jauhari. S531408031. 2018. Relationship between Meal Frequency, Foodstuff Variation, and Physical Activity with Nutritional Status of Primary School Children in East Praya District, Central Lombok Regency. Supervisor : Prof.Dr. Santoso, dr.,MS,Sp.OK. Co-Supervisor : Dr. Sapja Anantanyu, M.Si. Postgraduate of Nutrition Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Background: In Indonesia, malnutrition still remains a major public health problem in primary school age children, which negatively impacts in their academic performance. Adequate meal frequency, varied of foodstuff and routine physical activity can keep normal body weight. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between meal frequency, foodstuff variation and physical activity and nutritional status of primary school children. Methods: This study used a cross sectional design that recruited 84 primary school children who were 9-12 years old and in year V and VI in East Praya District, Central Lombok Regency. Data of meal frequency and foodstuff variation were obtained using the food frequency questionnaire and physical activity levels were determined using the physical activity questionnaire for children. Collected data were analyzed using chi square and multinomial logistic regression tests with the p value < 0,05. Results: More than 75% primary school children had less meal frequency and foodstuff variation, while almost 30% primary school children were more meal frequency and foodstuff variation. Low physical activity was observed in 35,7% primary school children. Meal frequency (OR: 1.671; CI 95%: 0,266 – 10,483; p = 0,584), foodstuff variation (OR: 53.447; CI 95%: 7,081 - 403.845; p < 0,001), and physical activity (OR: 4.422; CI 95%: 0,789 – 24,784; p = 0,091) were related to nutritional status of primary school children. Conclusion: Less variation of foodstuff increases higher risk of underweight in primary school children. Parent must pay attention to serve more variation of foodstuff to their primary school children to improve the nutritional status. Key Words: Meal Frequency, Foodstuff Variation, Physical Activity, Nutritional Status, Primary School Children.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Pascasarjana > Magister
    Pascasarjana > Magister > Ilmu Gizi
    Depositing User: Ferina Umu Salamah
    Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 14:15
    Last Modified: 09 Jan 2019 14:27
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/43092

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