Daya Dukung Lingkungan Permukiman Berisiko Banjir di Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Pepe Hilir, Surakarta

AISHA, MUTIARA (2018) Daya Dukung Lingkungan Permukiman Berisiko Banjir di Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Pepe Hilir, Surakarta. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRAK DAYA DUKUNG LINGKUNGAN PERMUKIMAN BERISIKO BANJIR DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS) PEPE HILIR, SURAKARTA Kawasan Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Pepe Hilir Surakarta, termasuk kawasan yang memiliki tingkat kerawanan banjir yang tinggi. Kondisi ini menyebabkan turunnya kualitas lingkungan atau degradasi lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui daya dukung lingkungan permukiman berisiko banjir di DAS Pepe Hilir Surakarta. Tujuan penelitian ini dapat dicapai melalui komparasi antara supply dan demand, daya dukung sarana prasarana pengendali banjir, dan daya dukung terhadap kerentanan bencana banjir. Penelitian ini didukung dengan data primer berupa wawancara dan observasi lapangan, juga datadata sekunder didapatkan melalui studi literatur dan survei lembaga DPUPR, BPBD, BAPPPEDA, dan BBWS Surakarta. Selanjutnya, teknik analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa teknik analisis skoring, overlay, dan deskriptif. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketidakseimbangan antara supply dan demand termasuk dalam klasifikasi tinggi, daya dukung sarana prasarana pengendali banjir pada kawasan DAS Pepe Hilir Surakarta termasuk dalam klasifikasi sedang dikarenakan keterbatasan fungsi dan kinerja sarana dan prasarana seperti tanggul, pintu dan pompa air, dan jalur evakuasi dalam mengendalikan banjir. Selain itu, daya dukung terhadap kerentanan bencana banjir pada kawasan penelitian termasuk dalam klasifikasi tinggi. Maka dari itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa daya dukung lingkungan permukiman berisiko banjir di DAS Pepe Hilir Surakarta termasuk dalam kondisi defisit atau sudah jenuh. Sehingga, masih diperlukan perbaikan pada beberapa sektor untuk dapat meningkatkan daya dukung (supply), serta mengendalikan pertumbuhan (demand). Kata kunci: Daya Dukung Lingkungan; Permukiman; Kawasan Berisiko Banjir; Kawasan DAS Pepe Hilir ABSTRACT THE SETTLEMENT CARRYING CAPACITY IN FLOOD IMPACTED AREA OF THE DOWNSTREAMOF PEPE WATERSHED, SURAKARTA CITY The downstream area of Pepe Watershed in Surakarta City is an area having the high level of flood hazard. This situation causes the decrease of environmental quality or the environmental degradation. This research aims to assess the carrying capacity of settlement being located in the flood impacted area of the Pepe Watershed Downstream. The research objective is achieved through the comparison of the demand and supply of carrying capacity, the capacity of flood control infrastructures, and the carrying capacity to flood vulnerability. This research was supported by the primary data such as interviews and field observations, and also the secondary data that was collected by literature studies, and institutional documents provided by Surakarta Municipality including Department of Public Works and Spatial Planning, Regional Disaster Management Agency, Regional Development Planning Agency, and River Basin Organization of Bengawan Solo. Furthermore, the research was carried out by scoring analysis, overlay analysis, and descriptive analysis. The results of research indicate the high inequity of carrying capacity supply and demand, the medium level of flood control infrastructures’ capacity due to the performance limitations of embankments, pump systems, and evacuation routes. In other side, the research area has the high carrying capacity to flood vulnerability. However, this research concludes that the settlement carrying capacity in flood impacted area of Pepe Watershed Downstream has the deficit (saturated) condition. Based on these facts, it needs the rearrangement of carry capacity in particular supply elements, and the control of demand elements. Keywords: Carrying Capacity; Settlement; Flood impacted area; Downstream of Pepe Watershed

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
    Divisions: Fakultas Teknik
    Fakultas Teknik > Perencanaan Wilayah dan Tata Kota
    Depositing User: Fransiska Meilani f
    Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2018 10:02
    Last Modified: 28 Dec 2018 10:02
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/43046

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