TEBU RAKYAT INTENSIFIKASI DAN PERUBAHAN EKONOMI PETANI DI KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN TAHUN 1975-1997

KUNCORO, SURYA ADHI (2018) TEBU RAKYAT INTENSIFIKASI DAN PERUBAHAN EKONOMI PETANI DI KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN TAHUN 1975-1997. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Surya Adhi Kuncoro. C 0514056. 2018. Tebu Rakyat Intensifikasi and Economic Change of Farmers in Pekalongan Regency in 1975-1997. Thesis: Historical Science Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. This research explores the program of Tebu Rakyat Intensifikasi (TRI) in Pekalongan Regency in 1975-1997. The main problems are the background of the implementation TRI program in Pekalongan Regency, the implementation of the TRI program in Pekalongan Regency in 1975-1997, and economic change of farmers in Pekalongan Regency after the implementation of the TRI program. This research employed historical research methods involving: 1. Heuristic, 2. Source Criticism, 3. Interpretation, and 4. Historiography. The result of the research showed that the background of the implementation TRI program in Pekalongan Regency is to increase the production of sugar and to replace the sugarcane plantation system that previously used land-rent system. The presence of the TRI program led to changes in the status of farmers from subsistence farmers to commercial farmers by planting sugarcane which is a commodity crop through intensification and guidance in the TRI program. In addition, the traditional life of farmers such as mutual cooperation had been replaced by a rational economic system of life, namely all kinds of work done using wages. It encourages the development of rationalization of production and industrialization process in rural areas. And then, the income earned by farmers from planting sugarcane is lower than that of planting rice and crops. The low income from planting sugarcane made farmers less enthusiastic to follow the TRI program. It affected the decreasing of sugar productivity which then affects the decreasing of farmers income, as happened in milling year 1991/1992 with the amount of income received by the farmers as much as Rp2.640.500,00 and in milling year of 1992/1993 the amount of farmers income was Rp1.905.650,00. The decline of income in the milling year 1992/1993 is due to decreased sugar production. Keywords: Sugarcane, TRI, Pekalongan Regency.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Sastra dan Seni Rupa
    Fakultas Sastra dan Seni Rupa > Ilmu Sejarah
    Depositing User: Fransiska Meilani f
    Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2018 14:11
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2018 14:11
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/41926

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