Efektivitas Terapi Akupunktur dan Inframerah dalam Menurunkan Nyeri Muskuloskeletal Pada lanjut Usia

WIDOWATI, RISNA (2018) Efektivitas Terapi Akupunktur dan Inframerah dalam Menurunkan Nyeri Muskuloskeletal Pada lanjut Usia. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Background: According to the World Health Organization, the most frequent health problems experienced by the elderly is musculoskeletal pain. The common treatment for musculoskeletal pain is Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID) drugs. These drugs, however, give undesireable side effects such as disorders in digestion, renal function, and increased blood pressure. Acupuncture and infrared therapies have been widely known as cheap and safe for musculoskeletal pain. However, their relative effectiveness are not yet clear. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture and infrared therapies for reducing musculoskeletal pain in the elderly. Subjects and Method: This was an experiment study with randomized controlled trials design. The study was conducted at the elderly integrated health post Klodran, Karanganyar, Central Java, in May, 2016. A total sample of 60 elderlies was selected for this study using random sampling technique. This sample was randomized into 4 groups, each consisting of 15 study subjects: (1) acupressure; (2) acupuncture; (3) infrared; (4) acupuncture and infrared. The dependent variable was musculoskeletal pain. The independent variable was type of pain relief therapy. The data was analyzed by Kruskall Wallis Test, and post-hoc test using Mann-Whitney. Results: Kruskall Wallis Test showed mean differences in the reduction of musculosceletal pain between the four groups, and they were statistically significant, as follows: acupressure (mean= 1.3; SD= 0.5), acupunture (mean= 2.3; SD= 0.5), infrared (mean= 1.6; SD= 0.6), and acupuncture and infrared (mean= 3.9; SD= 0.4). Mann-Whitney test showed the most effective treatment for reducing musculoskeletal pain was acupunture and infrared combination therapy (mean difference= 2.53; p<0.001). Conclusion: Acupunture and infrared combination is the most effective treatment for reducing musculoskeletal pain in the elderly. Keywords: musculoskeletal pain, acupressure, acupuncture, infrared, elderly

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran > Psikologi
    Fakultas Kedokteran > Spesialis Pulmonologi dan Ked. Respirasi
    Depositing User: Wahyu Trianingsih
    Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2018 15:50
    Last Modified: 06 Jan 2018 15:50
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/39056

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