Pengaruh Soft Drink, Paparan Media Elektronik, Pendapatan Orang Tua, Status Gizi terhadap Usia Menarke terhadap Usia Menarke Remaja di Kota Surakarta.

LATIFAH, MIRZAWATI (2017) Pengaruh Soft Drink, Paparan Media Elektronik, Pendapatan Orang Tua, Status Gizi terhadap Usia Menarke terhadap Usia Menarke Remaja di Kota Surakarta. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (394Kb)

    Abstract

    Mirzawati Latifah, S021508039, 2017. Effect of Soft Drink, Electronic Media Exposure, Family Income, Pocket Money, and Nutritional Status, on Age at Menarche Among Adolescents in Surakarta. Thesis. Advisor: Prof. Bhisma Murti, dr, MSc, MPH, Ph.D. Co Advisor: Dr. Dr.Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi, dr. M.Si. Masters Program in Public Heath, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. Background: Age at menarche has become earlier for the last 100 years. This situation poses worrying problem as it may be lead to an increased risk of premarital sex, teenage pregnancy, mental unpreparedness, and increased risk of malignant diseases such as ovarial cancer and breast cancer. This study aimed to determine the effect of soft drink, electronic media exposure, family income, pocket money, and nutritional status, on age at menarche among adolescents in Surakarta. Subjects and Methods: This was an analytic observational study with cross-sectional design. The study was conducted in Surakarta, Central Java, from February to March, 2017. A sample of 100 female adolescents was selected by simple random sampling from several Junior High Schools in Surakarta. The exogenous variable was family incomes. The endogenous variables were age at menarche, nutritional status, electronic media exposure, soft drink consumption, and pocket money. The data were collected by a set of questionnaire, and analyzed by path analysis. Results: Age at menarche was directly affected by electronic media exposure (b=-0.65; SE=0.25; p= 0.010), pocket money (b= -7.48; SE= 1.52, p<0.001), soft drink (b= -3.43; SE= 1.11; p=0.002), and nutritional status (b=-1.31; SE=-0.59; p=0.025). Nutritional status was indirectly affected by family income (b<0.01, SE<0.01, p=0.323) and pocket money (b=0.24; SE= 0.29; p=0.401). Electronic media exposure was indirectly affected by pocket money (b=0.69; SE=0.58; p=0.234). Soft drink was indirectly affected by pocket money (b=0.23; SE=0.13; p=0.074). Pocket money was indirectly affected by family income (b<0.01; SE<0.01; p<0.001). Conclusion: Age at menarche is directly affected by electronic media exposure, pocket money, soft drink, and nutritional status. Age at menarche is indirectly affected by family income, pocket money, and electronic media exposure. Keywords: Path analysis, menarche, adolescent, soft drink, reproduction health

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran
    Fakultas Kedokteran > Spesialis Pulmonologi dan Ked. Respirasi
    Depositing User: Nanda Rahma Ananta
    Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2017 13:00
    Last Modified: 28 Dec 2017 13:00
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/38404

    Actions (login required)

    View Item