Keragaman Morfologi dan Kandungan Antosianin Beberapa Varietas Lokal Padi Hitam Pada Agroekosistem Sawah Dataran Rendah

DHARMA, ARIEF (2017) Keragaman Morfologi dan Kandungan Antosianin Beberapa Varietas Lokal Padi Hitam Pada Agroekosistem Sawah Dataran Rendah. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Black rice is one type of rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) which has high levels of anthocyanin compared to another type of rice in general. There are several local black rice varieties that have been cultivated in Solo and surrounding areas, such as Cempo Ireng, IPB, and Gagak. Anthocyanin is a flavonoid compound which as a color pigment, it also contains antioxidants that are beneficial to the health of the human body. The large potentials found in black rice content and also the limited available germplasm make the research of the morphological characteristics of black rice plants need to be implemented to provide the superior black rice plant breeding material. High content of anthocyanin to be one of the potential properties of superior black rice varieties. The results of the research with dendogram analysis showed that morphology in the vegetative phase of each varietal samples spread and did not occur grouping between three varieties of black rice plants tested at 61% - 64% similarity level (disimilarity : 36% - 39%). It difference to dendogram analysis on plant generative phase morphology where there was grouping of IPB and Gagak varieties at 54% - 71% similarity level. The results of the total anthocyanin content test using acidity differentiation method, where Gagak varieties have anthocyanin content higher than the IPB varieties (Average of anthocyanin content of Gagak : 79,82 mg/100g; IPB : 40,82 mg/100g).

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian
    Fakultas Pertanian > Agroteknologi
    Depositing User: Retno Andriani
    Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 19:51
    Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 19:51
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/37297

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