Faktor Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Tunagrahita di Kabupaten Ponorogo

P, RISYE ENDRI (2017) Faktor Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Tunagrahita di Kabupaten Ponorogo. PhD thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    ABSTRACT Risye Endri P. S021508053. 2017. Factors Affecting the Occurrence of Mental Disability in Ponorogo District, East Java. THESIS. Principal Supervisor: RB. Soemanto. Co-Supervisor: Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi. Masters Program in Public Health, Postgraduate of Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. Background: Children with mental disabilities show below-average intellectual ability and social behavior adaptation. Staying with a disabled child can have a profound effect on the whole family-parents, siblings, and extended family members. Meeting the needs of children with disabilities can be a challenge for schools and families. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the occurrence of mental disability in children aged 6 to 15 years. Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study using case control design. The study was conducted in Ponorogo District, East Java, from March to April 2017. A sample of 150 children aged 6 to 15 years old, consisting of 50 children with mental disability and 100 children without mental disability, were selected for this study by fixed disease sampling. The dependent variables mental disability. The independent variables were maternal age during pregnancy, hereditary history, maternal nutritional status, prematurity, low birthweight, , maternal stress during pregnancy, mother education, family income and environmental exposure. The data were collected by a questionnaire, and analyzed by path analysis. Results: Mental disability was directly affected by maternal age (b= 2.52, 95% CI = 1.23 to 3.81, p<0.001), low birthweight (b= 2.32, 95% CI = 1.11 to 3.54, p<0.001), hereditary history (b= 2.54, 95% CI = 1.34 to 3.74, p<0.001). Mental disability was indirectly affected by maternal nutritional status, maternal stress, maternal education, family income, and environmental exposure. Conclusion: Maternal age, low birthweight, and hereditary history, directly affect mental disability. Maternal nutritional status, maternal stress, maternal education, family income, and environmental exposure, indirectly affect mental disability. Keywords: mental disability, children aged 6 to 15 years old

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran
    Fakultas Kedokteran > Spesialis Pulmonologi dan Ked. Respirasi
    Depositing User: Retno Andriani
    Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2017 07:23
    Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 07:23
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/37169

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