Pengaruh Kelompok Bermain dan Faktor Biopsikososial terhadap Kemandirian Anak Usia Prasekolah di Kota Surakarta

MARLINAWATI, IIN TRI (2017) Pengaruh Kelompok Bermain dan Faktor Biopsikososial terhadap Kemandirian Anak Usia Prasekolah di Kota Surakarta. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    ABSTRACT Iin Tri Marlinawati. S021508020. Effect of Play Group and Biopsychosocial Factors on the Independence Development of Preschool Children in Surakarta. Thesis. Advisor I Harsono Salimo. Advisor II Bhisma Murti. Master Program in Public Health. Postgraduate Sebelas Maret University Surakarta Background: Disturbance in the development of children’s independence may have a negative future impact in adult life. Some play groups have been introduced to help fulfill the child’s development optimally. This study aimed to determine the effect of play group on the independence development of children while controlling for the effect of biopsychosocial factors . Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study using cohort retrospective design. The study was conducted at 3 kindergartens in Surakarta, from February to April 2017. A sample of 120 were selected for this study by purposive sampling and random sampling. The dependent variable was independence development. The independent variables were play group, autoritarian, democratic, permissive, parental education, and child age. The data were collected by a set of questionnaire and analyzed by path analysis. Results: Maternal education ≥Senior High School (b= 8.77; p= 0.012), paternal education ≥Senior High School (b= 9.82; p= 0.007), child age 5-6 years old (b= 5.59; p= 0.007), participation in play group (b= 9.45; p= 0.011), and democratic parenting style (b= 0.12; p= 0.018) increased child independence. Autoritarian parenting style (b= -0.15; p= 0.006) and permissive parenting style (b= -0.09; p= 0.092) decreased child independence. Participation in play group was determined by democratic parenting style (b= 0.01; p= 0.080), permissive parenting style (b= -0.03; p= 0.027), paternal education ≥Senior High School (b= 2.06; p= 0.001), and child age 5-6 years old (b= 1.42; p <0.001). Conclusion: Maternal education ≥Senior High School, paternal education ≥Senior High School, child age 5-6 years old, participation in play group, and democratic parenting style, positively and directly affect child independence. Autoritarian parenting style and permissive parenting style negatively and directly affect child independence. Keywords: Play group, parenting style, biopsychosocial factor, independence, development, preschool children

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran
    Pascasarjana > Magister
    Depositing User: Nanda Rahma Ananta
    Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2017 14:45
    Last Modified: 09 Dec 2017 14:45

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