PEMBUATAN DAN PEMANFAATAN KITOSAN SULFAT DARI CANGKANG BEKICOT (Achatina fullica) SEBAGAI ADSORBEN ZAT WARNA REMAZOL YELLOW FG 6

Puspitasari, Anggraini (2007) PEMBUATAN DAN PEMANFAATAN KITOSAN SULFAT DARI CANGKANG BEKICOT (Achatina fullica) SEBAGAI ADSORBEN ZAT WARNA REMAZOL YELLOW FG 6. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRACT Anggraini Puspitasari, 2007. SYNTHESIS OF CHITOSAN SULFATE FROM SNAIL (Achatina fullica) SHELL AND IT’S APPLICATION AS REMAZOL YELLOW FG 6 DYE ADSORBENT. Thesis. Department of Chemistry. Mathematic and Science Faculty. Sebelas Maret University. Synthesis of chitosan sulfate from snail (Achatina fullica) shell and its application as Remazol Yellow FG 6 dye adsorbent has been studied. This experiment was conducted to study the effectiveness of chitin from snail shell to be converted into chitosan sulfate and to study the optimum condition of Remazol Yellow FG 6 dye adsorption by chitosan sulfate and to determine the type of adsorption. Isolation of chitin from Achatina shell was done by deproteination and demineralization process. Chitin had been converted into chitosan using demineralization process. Chitosan sulfate was made by reacting chitosan with 0,1 M ammonium sulfate solution. The adsorption of Remazol Yellow FG 6 dye solution by chitosan sulfate were conducted in Batch method, by variating pH solution, dye solution concentration and time of interaction. Characterizations of the chitosan are involving determination of water and mineral content, molecular weight, polymerization degree, and degree of deacetylation. Characterization of chitosan sulfate are involving moisture content, ash content and sulfate content. Functional group of chitin, chitosan and chitosan sulfate were determined by FTIR spectroscopy. The adsorption of dye by chitosan sulfate were analyzed with Uv-Vis spectroscopy. Type of adsorption was determined with desorption test. The result showed that rendement of chitin, chitosan and chitosan sulfate were 24,39%, 6,46% and 5,46%. The moisture content of chitosan and chitosan sulfate were 0,93% and 1,50%. The ash content of chitosan and chitosan sulfate were 95% and 93,51%. The degree of deacetilation of chitin and chitosan were 28 – 70% and 58 – 75%. The molecular weight of chitosan was 974,87 g/mol. Sulfate content in chitosan sulfate were 14,26 mg/g. The optimum condition of Remazol Yellow FG 6 dye adsorption by chitosan sulfate was pH 4, concentration 20 ppm and the interaction time 15 minutes with adsorptive capacity 0,66 mg/g. 47,86% Remazol Yellow FG 6 released during the desorption test, showed that the adsorption is reversible.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Divisions: Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam > Kimia
    Depositing User: Saputro Bagus
    Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2013 00:56
    Last Modified: 14 Jul 2013 00:56
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/3509

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