Keragaman dan Kelimpahan Musuh Alami Hama Kedelai dengan Penanaman Tumbuhan Berbunga

, Murniningsih (2017) Keragaman dan Kelimpahan Musuh Alami Hama Kedelai dengan Penanaman Tumbuhan Berbunga. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Soybean is an important commodity that widely cultivated by farmers in Indonesia. The monoculture cultivation of soybean is not favorable to enhance for natural enemies. Planting flowering plant of Crotalaria juncea may support the life of natural enemies by providing alternative food especially nectar and pollen produced by the flowers. This study aimed to determine the effect of planting flowering plant to the diversity and abundance of natural enemies, as well as the degree of pest parasitism. This research was conducted in the field with 3 treatments of flowering plant (Crotalaria juncea were planted every 10 rows of soybeans, Crotalaria juncea were planted every 5 rows of soybeans, Crotalaria juncea were planted as a border) and control (without Crotalaria juncea). The research variables were the kinds of natural enemies, the population of natural enemies, and the degrees of pest parasitism. The results showed that there were differences in the species of natural enemies between plot with flowering plant and control. The natural enemies were dominated by 3 orders (Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, and Araneae). The dominant predators were Coccinella, Dolichoderus, Lycosa, and Oxyopes while the dominant parasitoid was Telenomus sp. The highest species of predators (22.11 individuals) and the highest species of parasitoids (6.11 individuals) were found in flowering plant that planted every 10 rows of soybeans. High degrees of parasitism (36.80%) in eggs of Spodoptera litura by Telenomus sp. was found in flowering plant that planted every 10 rows of soybeans.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
    Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Agroteknologi
    Depositing User: Gun Gun Gunawan
    Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2017 13:48
    Last Modified: 25 Aug 2017 13:48
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/34198

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