Pengembangan Model CVCT Berbasis Motivasional sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Internalisasi Nilai-Nilai Pancasila

, SUTOYO (2017) Pengembangan Model CVCT Berbasis Motivasional sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Internalisasi Nilai-Nilai Pancasila. PhD thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Sutoyo. 2017. Pengembangan Model Contextual Value Clarification Technique (CVCT) Berbasis Motivasional Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Internalisasi Nilai-Nilai Pancasila. Disertasi. Promotor : Prof. Dr. Sri Anitah W, M.Pd. Kopromotor 1 : Prof. Dr. Muhammad Akhyar, M.Pd. Kopromotor 2 : Dr. Asrowi, M.Pd. Program Studi Ilmu Pendidkan, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini, adalah untuk : (1). Mendeskripsikan tentang pelaksanaan pembelajaran PPKn di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan se-Solo Raya yang berlangsung saat ini; (2). Menemukan model pembelajaran yang efektif yang dapat meningkatkan internalisasi nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam pembelajaran PPKn pada Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan se-Solo Raya; (3). Menghasilkan model CVCT berbasis motivasional yang valid sebagai upaya meningkatkan internalisasi nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam pembelajaran PPKn di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan se- Solo Raya; (4). Menentukan tingkat keefektifan model CVCT berbasis motivasional sebagai upaya meningkatkan internalisasi nilai-nilai Pancasila dalam pembelajaran PPKn di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan se-Solo Raya. Penelitian pengembangan model pembelajaran PPKn ini menggunakan prosedur Borg and Gall yang dimodifikasi menjadi tiga tahap, yaitu : (1). Penelitian pendahuluan; (2). Pengembangan model; (3). Uji keefektifan model. Responden dalam penelitian ini adalah guru dan siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan se-Solo Raya. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara, observasi, tes dan angket. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif dan uji-t. Analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk menganalisis data hasil penelitian pendahuluan. Uji-t digunakan untuk mengetahui kebermaknaan hasil dalam uji coba terbatas, diperluas, uji kesetaraan kelompok eksperimen dengan kelompok kontrol dan untuk menentukan keefektifan model. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan, bahwa : (1). Pelaksanaan pembelajaran PPKn di SMK masih menggunakan pendekatan teacher-centered learning. Materi yang disampaikan guru dalam proses pembelajaran masih didominasi aspek pengetahuan. Model pembelajaran yang digunakan belum menggunakan model pembelajaran inovatif, tetapi model pembelajaran konvensional; (2). Model pembelajaran CVCT berbasis motivasional dalam pembelajaran PPKn yang dilengkapi rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran (RPP), buku model CVCT berbasis motivasional, buku panduan guru dan buku panduan siswa telah berhasil dikembangkan dan termasuk dalam kategori sangat layak untuk digunakan. Hal ini didasarkan atas penilaian para ahli dan praktisi pendidikan. Hasil penilaian diperoleh rata-rata persentase pada penilaian RPP sebesar 83,1%, buku model sebesar 83,9%, buku panduan guru sebesar 83,5%, dan buku panduan siswa sebesar 83,1%; (3). Model pembelajaran CVCT berbasis motivasional efektif untuk meningkatkan internalisasi nilai-nilai Pancasila peserta didik dalam pembelajaran PPKn di SMK se-Solo Raya. Hal ini didasarkan hasil uji-t, yang menunjukkan bahwa diperoleh thitung sebesar 5,144 dengan p = 0,000 < 0,05. Kata kunci : Model CVCT, Motivasional, pembelajaran PPKn, Internalisasi nilai Pancasila. Sutoyo 2017. The Development of Motivationally-Based Contextual Value Clarification Technique (CVCT) Model as an Effort to Improve Internalization of Pancasila (Indonesian Philosophy) Values. Dissertation. Promoter: Prof. Dr. Sri Anitah W., M.Pd., Co-promoter 1: Prof. Dr. Muhammad Akhyar, M.Pd., Co-promoter 2: Dr. Asrowi, M.Pd. The Doctoral Degree Program in Education Science, the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta. ABSTRACT This research aims at (1) gaining the descriptions of initial profile of the current implementation of Pancasila and Civics Education learning at Vocational High Schools in Solo and its vicinity; (2) finding the effective learning model which is improving the internalization of Pancasila values in Pancasila and Civics Education learning at Vocational High Schools in Solo and its vicinity (3) producing a motivationally-basedc CVCT model as an effort of improving the internalization of Pancasila values in Pancasila and Civics Education learning at Vocational High Schools in Solo and its vicinity; and (4) analyzing the effectiveness level of the internalization of Pancasila values in Pancasila and Civics Education learning at Vocational High Schools in Solo and its vicinity. This research applied research and development (R&D) model, using the procedure claimed by Borg and Gall, which was modified into three phases, namely: (1) preliminary research; (2) model development; and (3) effectiveness testing of the developed model. The respondens in this study were teachers and students of Vocational High Schools in Solo and its vicinity. The techniques of collecting the data of the research were interview, observation, test and questionnaires. The data of the research were analyzed by using the descriptive analysis and the t-test. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the data in preliminary research, while t-test is used to determine the significance of the results in a limited trial, extencive test, equivalence test experimental group and a control group to determine the effectiveness of the model. The research results in the followings: 1). The implementation of Pancasila and Civics Education at Vocational High Schools in Solo and its vicinity still does not use the student-centered learning approach, but the teacher-centered learning one. The learning materials delivered by the teachers in the learning process are still dominated by the knowledge aspect. The learning employed still does not use the innovative learning model but the conventional one. 2) The motivationally-based CVCT model in Pancasila and Civics Education elaborated in the forms of lesson plans, model guide book, teacher’s book, and student’s book have successfully been developed with the very feasible category of use. This results was based on experts and practitioners assessment. The average precentage of lesson plan assessment was 83,1%, guide book models was 83,9%, teacher’s guide book was 83,5% and student’s guide book was 83,1%; 3) The motivationally-based CVCT model in Pancasila and Civics Education is effective to improve the internalization of Pancasila values in Pancasila and Civics Education learning at Vocational High Schools in Solo and its vicinity. It can be seen from the result of t-test 5,144 (p = 0,000 < 0,05). Keywords : CVCT model, motivationally-based, Pancasila dan Civics Education learning, internalization of Pancasila values

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: J Political Science > JC Political theory
    L Education > L Education (General)
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Doktor
    Pasca Sarjana > Doktor > Ilmu Pendidikan - S3
    Depositing User: faizah sarah yasarah
    Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2017 21:38
    Last Modified: 07 Jun 2017 21:38
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/33981

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