ANALYSIS OF FLOUTING MAXIMS RELATED TO HUMOR IN THE AMERICAN SITCOM "FRIENDS" SEASON 1 (A Pragmatics Approach)

NURRAHMAN, ARIF (2017) ANALYSIS OF FLOUTING MAXIMS RELATED TO HUMOR IN THE AMERICAN SITCOM "FRIENDS" SEASON 1 (A Pragmatics Approach). Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (648Kb)

    Abstract

    ABSTRACT This research is conducted in order to find out the types of flouting maxims and the strategies of flouting maxims in the American Sitcom “Friends” Season 1 episode 1 and 2. It is also executed to explain the role of flouting maxims in creating verbal humors in the sitcom. This research is a descriptive qualitative research. It deals with pragmatics approach especially flouting maxims as the object of the analysis. It employs purposive sampling technique to collect the data. The data in this research are taken from the dialogues containing flouting maxims and verbal humors which are uttered by the characters in the sitcom. The data are classified based on Grice’s Theory of Cooperative Principles and then they are identified by using Lyttle’s Integrating Humor Theories to explain the role of flouting maxims in creating verbal humors in the sitcom. There are 30 data which are analyzed in this research. This research gains three findings. The first finding shows that there are four types of flouting maxims performed by the characters. They are 9 flouting maxims of Quantity (30%), 9 flouting maxims of Quality (30%), 9 flouting maxims of Relation (30%) and 3 flouting maxims of Manner (10%). Thus, it indicates that all of the types of flouting maxims are found in the sitcom although there is not any dominant flouting maxim executed by the characters. Second, this research shows that there are 9 strategies to flout the maxims found in the sitcom. They are Overstatement/Giving too Much Information, Tautology, Understatement/Giving too Little Information, Rhetorical Question, Banter, Metaphor, Sarcasm, Being Irrelevant and Being Obscure/Being Ambiguous. The most used strategy executed by the characters in the sitcom is Being Irrelevant strategy which belongs to the strategy to flout maxims of Relation. Finally, in terms of the role of flouting maxims in creating verbal humors, the last finding indicates that all of the data containing the types of flouting maxims and the strategies of flouting maxims correspond to Lyttle’s Integrating Humor Theories. There are 18 data which suit the Incongruity Theory, 9 data which suit the Superiority Theory and 3 data which suit the Relief/Release Theory. Therefore, it is very clear that all of the types of flouting maxims and the strategies to flout the maxims are appropriate with the Integrating Humor Theories because they fulfill the requirements of the Integrating Humor Theories in order to create verbal humors in the sitcom. Keywords: Pragmatics, Flouting Maxims, Humor, Friends

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Divisions: Fakultas Sastra dan Seni Rupa
    Fakultas Sastra dan Seni Rupa > Sastra Inggris
    Depositing User: Fransiska Meilani f
    Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 14:18
    Last Modified: 09 May 2017 14:18
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/33784

    Actions (login required)

    View Item