PENGARUH STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI, GAYA HIDUP, DAN ETNISITAS TERHADAP OBESITAS PADA REMAJA DI SURAKARTA

S, RAHMAH PF (2017) PENGARUH STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI, GAYA HIDUP, DAN ETNISITAS TERHADAP OBESITAS PADA REMAJA DI SURAKARTA. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Rahmah Purwaningsih Febri Susanti. S021502035. 2016. The effect Socio economic Status, Life Style, and Ethnicity on Teenage Obesity in Surakarta. Thesis. Principle Supervisor Prof. Bhisma Murti., dr., MPH.,MSc., PhD.Co-Supervisor Dono Indarto, dr. M.Biotech., St., Ph.D. Masters Program in Public Health. Sebelas Maret University. ABSTRACT Background: Obesity is one of the main causes of comorbidity and premature death in adulthood. The prevalence of teenage obesity in Indonesia has been increasing from 1.4% in 2007 to 7.3% in 2013. Teenage obesity has risk 80% stay until adulthood. Obesity is influenced by lifestyle and socio-economic status. This study aimed to determine the effect of socio-economic status, life style, and ethnicity on obesity in teenagers. Subjects and Method: This was an analytical observational using case-control design. A total of 120 teenagers were selected for the study, consisting of 41 obese teenagers aged 16-18 years old and 79 normal weight teenagers, using fixed disease sampling. The data were collected using a set of questionnaires. Food intake was measured by 24 hour food recall and semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The data were analyzed using path analysis model. Results: Family income (b= 2.33; 95%CI = -0.32to4.98; p=0.085), polyunsaturated fatty acid intake(b= -0.37; 95%CI = -2.4 to1.65; p=0.72), eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acidintake(b= -0.67; 95%CI = -3.08 to 1.73; p=0.582), energy intake (b= 6.8; CI 95%= 3.85 to 9.74; p=<0.001), ethnicity (b= -3.01; 95%CI = -5.91 to -0.11; p=0.042), physical activity (b= -2.57; 95%CI = -4.95 to -0.19; p=0.034) had direct effect on the risk of teenage obesity. Mother education (b= -0.62; 95%CI = -1.86 to 0.61; p=0.318), maternal employment status (b= 0.84; 95%CI = 0.08 to 1.53; p=0.030), protein intake (b= 1.32; 95%CI = -2.07 to 4.72; p=0.446), fat intake (b= 4.01; 95%CI = 1.78 to 6.25; p=<0.001), and carbohydrate intake (b= 3.33; 95%CI = 1.73 to 4.93; p=<0.001) had indirect effect to the risk of teenage obesity. Conclusions: Ethnicity and physical activity decreased risk of teenage obesity. Energy intake increased risk of teenage obesity. Maternal employment status, fat, and carbohydrate intake increased risk of teenage obesity. Keywords: socio-economic status, life style, obesity, teenager, Surakarta.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran
    Depositing User: Fransiska Meilani f
    Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 12:21
    Last Modified: 27 Mar 2017 12:21
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/32621

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