Improving Students’ Skill to Generate Ideas in Writing Descriptive Texts Using 3D Pop-up Pictures (A Classroom Action Research at SMP N 1 Mayong, Jepara)

P, NANDA DIMAS CAHAYA (2017) Improving Students’ Skill to Generate Ideas in Writing Descriptive Texts Using 3D Pop-up Pictures (A Classroom Action Research at SMP N 1 Mayong, Jepara). PhD thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Nanda Dimas Cahaya Pamungkas, NIM.S891502014. Improving Students’ Skill to Generate Ideas in Writing Descriptive Texts Using 3D Pop-up Pictures (A Classroom Action Research at SMP N 1 Mayong, Jepara). Thesis, the consultants: Dra. Dewi Rochsantiningsih, M.Ed, Ph.D and Dr. Sujoko, M.A. Surakarta: English Education Department of Graduate School, Sebelas Maret University, 2016. The objectives of the research are: (1) to identify whether the use of 3D Pop-up pictures can improve the students’ skill to generate ideas in writing descriptive text or not; and (2) to describe the difficulties in implementing 3D Pop-up pictures in this research. The Classroom Action Research was conducted at SMP N 1 Mayong, Jepara for 7 months from June to December 2016. The subject of the research was the seventh grade students of SMP N 1 Mayong, Jepara consisted of 36 students. The method consisted of 2 cycles. Every cycle included planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. In collecting data, I used observation, documentation, questionnaire, interview, and test. After collecting the data, the researcher analysed quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data were analysed by Descriptive Statistics. It compared among, Pre and post test 1 and 2. Meanwhile the qualitative data were analysed by CCM (Constant Comparative Method). It consisted of comparing incidents applicable to each category, integrating categories, delimiting theory, and writing theory. The result of the research shows that 3D Pop-up picture can improve students’ skill to generate ideas, which focuses on (1) increasing the number of paragraphs in piece of writing; (2) increasing the number of sentences in each paragraph to support main idea; (3) mention objective facts of a thing; (4) mention the opinion of the thing they describe; (5) produce more grammatical sentences; (6) use correct precise diction; (7) connect the sentences by using cohesive devices. The mean score for pre test: 50.9, test cycle I: 62.2 and for test cycle II: 73.2. Compared to KKM (passing grade) which is 73, the score is improving. There are some difficulties in the implementation of teaching writing using 3D Pop-up picture: (1) making the students concentrate when the teacher explains the material; (2) increasing the ability of the students to know the meaning of the words in English; (3) making the class situation became quiet; (4) making the students more active to interact with the teacher by asking some questions; (5) making the students participate to move forward to write their answer. In conclusion, 3D Pop-up picture is able to improve students’ skill to generate ideas in writing descriptive texts and there are some difficulties in implementing 3D Pop-up picture. The suggestion for English teacher that 3D Pop-up picture can be used in teaching writing, especially descriptive text. Key words: writing, 3D Pop-up picture, generating idea, descriptive text, and classroom action research.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister
    Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris - S2
    Depositing User: Retno Andriani
    Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2017 14:18
    Last Modified: 24 Mar 2017 14:18
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/32284

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