ANALISIS DAN SIMULASI KARAKTERISTIK DISPLACEMENT VERTIKAL KENDARAAN RODA TIGA REVERSE TRIKE DENGAN PENARAPAN PID CONTROLLER

N, Erick Chandra (2017) ANALISIS DAN SIMULASI KARAKTERISTIK DISPLACEMENT VERTIKAL KENDARAAN RODA TIGA REVERSE TRIKE DENGAN PENARAPAN PID CONTROLLER. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRACT The purpose of this research are to obtain a mathematical model (full vehicle model) and to compare the performance of active and passive suspension system of three-wheeled vehicles Reverse Trike. In general, vehicle suspension system is judged by its ability to provide good steering handling and the comfort to passenger. Vehicle suspension system is now generally only using passive suspension components with constant coefficient springs and dampers. Then, the active suspension is developed from the traditional suspension design (passive) so that it is directly able to control the suspension actuator force continuously. In this research, the method which used is the modeling and simulation of passive and active suspension system for a Full Vehicle Model three-wheeled Reverse Trike throught using Simulink-Matlab software. In the other hand, the analysis of system response to input steps and Ziegler & Nichols tuning method is used to gain the Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) control system parameters which used in active suspension system. After that, doing the comparison of performance between passive and active suspension system with PID controller and input disturbances single bump road surface profile 0.1 meters.In passive suspension system generated sprung mass vertical displacement of 0.04m and 0.08m on active suspension if the disturbance passes right wheel alone or left alone, or reduced by 80%. Amounted to 0.059m on passive suspension system and 0.03m on active suspension system if the disturbance passing through the rear wheels only, or reduced by 49%. Then the displacement of 0.14m in the passive suspension system and active suspension system amounted to 0.01m on if all wheels simultaneously passing disturbance or there is a reduction of 93% Output systems are vibration displacement and the acceleration of the vehicle body in the vertical direction. The results show that the output of the active suspension system with PID controller is better in providing handling capabilities and comfort for the driver that shown by vertical acceleration 1,8G with the settling time 2.5 seconds is less than the vertical acceleration 2.5G with the settling time 5.5 seconds for the passive suspension system. Keywords: Reverse Trike, active suspension, Porposional Integral Derivative (PID), Ziegler & Nichols

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Divisions: Fakultas Teknik
    Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Mesin
    Depositing User: Nanda Rahma Ananta
    Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 21:37
    Last Modified: 23 Mar 2017 21:37
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/32206

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