EKSTRAKSI ASBUTON BUTIR DENGAN METODE ASBUTON EMULSI DITINJAU DARI WAKTU MIXING FASE PADAT MENGGUNAKAN EMULGATOR TEXAPON DAN GRINDER TIPE MB 60

Raharjo, Ponco Setiawan (2016) EKSTRAKSI ASBUTON BUTIR DENGAN METODE ASBUTON EMULSI DITINJAU DARI WAKTU MIXING FASE PADAT MENGGUNAKAN EMULGATOR TEXAPON DAN GRINDER TIPE MB 60. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRAK Ponco Setiawan Raharjo, 2016.Ekstraksi Asbuton Butir dengan Metode Asbuton Emulsi Ditinjau dari Waktu Mixing Fase Padat Menggunakan Emulgator Texapon dan Grinder Tipe MB 60.Skripsi. Program Studi Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. Pemanfaatan asbuton masih terbatas pada bentuk butiran. Kandungan dalam asbuton butir masih berupa aspal dan campuran mineral lain. Cara untuk mengetahui kandungan aspal dalam asbuton butir adalah ekstraksi dengan metode emulsi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan waktu mixing fase padat terhadap kadar aspal emulsi, hubungan waktu mixing fase padat terhadap kadar air dan mengetahui karakteristik asbuton emulsi. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan membuat asbuton emulsi lalu diekstraksi hingga asbuton emulsi halus terpisah dengan yang kasar. Fase padat terdiri dari asbuton butir, bensin lalu dicampur menggunakan mixer modifikasi dengan variasi waktu 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 menit. Fase cair terdiri dari texapon, air aquades dan asam klorida. Kemudian dilakukan pengujian kelarutan, kadar air, dan karakteristik asbuton emulsi. Hasil analisis dari uji kelarutan, dengan waktu mixing fase padat 3 menit, didapat kadar asbuton emulsi sebesar 96,67 %. Dari analisis hasil uji kadar air didapat hubungan antara waktu mixing fase padat dengan kadar air yaitu semakin lama waktu mixing fase padat maka kadar air akan semakin meningkat. Dari hasil uji karakteristik asbuton emulsi didapat nilai penetrasi berkisar 3,2 dmm, titik lembek 90,5oC,berat jenis 1,403 gr/cc, titik nyala, dan bakar 335oC dan 348oC, uji kelekatan 99,5% dan kelarutan 70,5%. Kata kunci: Ekstraksi, Asbuton emulsi, Mixing, emulgator. ABSTRACT Ponco Setiawan Raharjo, 2016. Asbuton Granular Extraction With Asbuton Emulsion Method Revised Of Mixing Time the solid phase Using Emulsifier Texapon and Grinder type of MB 60. Thesis. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Sebelas Maret, Surakarta. Utilization asbuton still limited in the shape of granules. The content of the asbuton still a mixture of asphalt and other minerals. One method to determine the content of bitumen in asbuton is extracted with emulsion method. The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship of time mixing the solid phase of the emulsion bitumen content, relationship time mixing the solid phase on water content and to determine the characteristics of the emulsion asbuton. This research method is make emulsion asbuton then extracted by the extraction machine for 25 minutes until to separate the emulsion asbuton smooth with rough. The solid phase is mixed asbuton and gasoline using a modified mixer with a variety of 1, 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 minutes. The liquid phase is mixed Texapon distilled water and hydrochloric acid to the total weight. Then testing the content of solubility, distilled water content, and the characteristics of the emulsion asbuton. The results of the analysis of the solubility test, by mixing solid phase for 3 minutes, obtained emulsified asphalt content of 96.67 %. From the analysis of water content test obtained relationship between time mixing the solid phase with a water content that is the longer time mixing the solid phase, the water content will increase. From the test results asbuton emulsion characteristics can be hard physical form, with a value of penetration is 3,2 dmm, softening point is 90,5oC, specific gravity 1,403 g/cc, flash point and burn are 335oC and 348oC, adhesiveness 99,5% and solubility 70,5 %. Keywords: Extraction, Emulsion asbuton, Mixing, and emulgator

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Teknik > Teknik Sipil
    Depositing User: Yanny Wulandari
    Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 21:41
    Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 21:41
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/30509

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