An analysis of implicatures in REQUEST EXPRESSIONS In drama entitled a raisin in the sun by lorraine hansberry (based on pragmatics approach)

SARI, FESTIKA (2007) An analysis of implicatures in REQUEST EXPRESSIONS In drama entitled a raisin in the sun by lorraine hansberry (based on pragmatics approach). Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRACT Festika Sari, C 1304020, 2007. AN ANALYSIS OF IMPLICATURES IN REQUEST EXPRESSIONS OF DRAMA ENTITLED A RAISIN IN THE SUN BY LORRAINE HANSBERRY. Thesis: English Department, Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts. Sebelas Maret University. This research is conducted in a descriptive qualitative method. The source of the data is a drama script entitled ‘A Raisin in the Sun’. It uses total sampling, 33 samples are found. The researcher classifies the strategies of request based on Anna Trosborg's classification of request strategies and analyzes the maxims of the conversation containing request expressions, finally the implicatures are revealed from the request expressions. Three problem statements are studied in this thesis. First, it studies about the strategies employed in the request expressions in the drama. Second, it studies how the maxims are applied in the conversation containing request expressions in the drama. The last, it figures out how the implicatures in the request expressions in the drama are revealed. The analysis is carried out in three steps. Firstly, the data are classified based on the request strategies used by the characters in the drama entitled ‘A Raisin in the Sun’. Secondly, the data are described based on the maxims. Thirdly, the implicatures of the request expressions are revealed. From the analysis, it can be concluded that three findings are found. The first finding is that five request strategies are applied by the characters in the drama. The five strategies are Hinting strategy, Ability/Willingness, Suggestory formulae, Wishes, and the last is the request strategy of Desires/Needs. The request strategy of Hinting strategy is applied by 12 data. The request strategy of Ability/Willingness is applied by 9 data. Next, the request strategy of Suggestory formulae is used by 8 data. The last two request strategies are Wishes, and Desires/Needs, each of them is applied by 3 data. The second finding is that the analysis of the maxim of manner is impossible to be done. This is because the researcher collects the data by only reading the data without watching the drama so that the intonations and the expressions of the speaker while they express the request can not be known by the researcher. However, 9 data fulfill the maxims of Quantity, Quality and Relevance. In term of maxims of quantity, 12 data fulfill this maxim. Meanwhile, 22 data violate this maxim. In the maxim of quality, 21 data obey this maxim. Meanwhile, 14 data violate the maxim of quality. In the application of the maxim of relevance, it is found that 18 data fulfilled this maxim, and 17 data violate the maxim of relevance. The last finding is that most of the request expressions have implicatures. 14 Data do not have any implicatures. The implicatures are revealed from the request strategy and also from its context.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Divisions: Fakultas Sastra dan Seni Rupa > Sastra Inggris
    Depositing User: Saputro Bagus
    Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2013 01:11
    Last Modified: 13 Jul 2013 01:11
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/2921

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