Budidaya Tanaman Mentimun dengan Sistem Hidroponik substrat

DEPANI GINTING, CATIN (2016) Budidaya Tanaman Mentimun dengan Sistem Hidroponik substrat. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Cucumber (Cucums sativus L) Plant Breeding (Cucums sativus L) using substrate hydroponics Catin Depani Ginting1 H3313012 Dr.Ir. Eddy Tri Haryanto2, Mpdan Mei Tri sundari Sp, Msi3 Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L) is a broad vegetable commodity needed by farmers in both highland and lowland. Horticultural plant breeding is one of mainstays for agricultural sector. Economic crisis due to monetary crisis and continuous natural disasters have contributed to affecting Indonesian macro- and micro-economy. This crisis led to the decrease in industry and service sector; it could be dealt with using hydroponics. Hydroponics is a method of plant breeding without soil as growth media. So soil media could be replaced with husk charcoal/sand. Because the media used was not soil, the nutrition needed by soil was solution form. The method conducted for its breeding was not far different from the cucumber breeding in general, including seed preparation, planting media preparation, planting, maintenance (replacing the dead plant, watering, weeding, nutrition administration, organism and plant diseases control, and cutting), observation, harvesting and post-harvest management. Hydroponic media consisting of sand substrate, husk charcoal and brick were filled in with 80 polybags in 30x30 cm dimension and then cucumber seed was planted on the hole (2 seeds for each hole). Two weeks later, routine fertilizing was done using AB mix nutrition mixed with water everyday, and then observation and pest eradication was conducted by removing or cutting the disease-infected plant part. This cucumber breeding used no pesticide at all. The product of harvest was marketed to food stall, fried rice seller, and penyetan food stall with varying prices: Grade A: IDR 5,000/kg and Grade B: IDR 3,000/kg. The application of PHT to cucumber breeding was highly recommended to improve productivity, as indicated with the mean growth rate (plant height, branch number, and blossoming time) better than conventional land. In addition itcould be seen from fruit length, fruit diameter and fruit weight. Keywords: Cucumber Plant Breeding using Substrate Hydroponics Notes: 1. Students of Horticultural and Gardening Architecture Concentration of Undergraduate Study Program, Agricultural Faculty of Surakarta Sebelas Maret University Named Catin Depani Ginting NIM H3313012. 2. First Consultant/First Examiner 3. SecondConsultant/Second Examiner

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > D3 - Agribisnis
    Depositing User: Figur Hisnu Aslam
    Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2016 21:40
    Last Modified: 04 Nov 2016 21:40
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/28306

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