Efisiensi Reduksi Polutan Limbah Cair Rumah Sakit Menggunakan Variasi Komposisi Bioball-Zeolit dan Waktu Tinggal Pada Bioreaktor (Studi Pengolahan Limbah Cair RSUD Prambanan)

DESICA, SST, SULVIA (2016) Efisiensi Reduksi Polutan Limbah Cair Rumah Sakit Menggunakan Variasi Komposisi Bioball-Zeolit dan Waktu Tinggal Pada Bioreaktor (Studi Pengolahan Limbah Cair RSUD Prambanan). Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    SULVIA DESICA. A131408002. EFFICIENCY REDUCTON OF HOSPITAL WASTEWATER POLLUTANS USE ZEOLIT-BIOBALL AND RESIDENCE TIME OF BIOREACTOR (Study of Prambanan Public Hospital Wastewater Processing). Thesis. Supervisor I: Dr. M. Masykuri, M.Si., II: Dr. Prabang Setyono, M.Si. Master of Environmental Science University Sebelas Maret Surakarta ABSTRACT The hospital is the producer of clinical wastes that are hazardous, toxic and infectious. The care unit, operating room, laboratory, pharmacy, household parts, mortuary and support units and other health services generates wastes that are hazardous, toxic and infectious. Biological treatment can be used to remove organic, inorganic compounds and minerals are undesirable in wastewater. One way of processing wastewater that can degrade organic matter is with anaerobic-aerobic reactor system (facultative) using fixed buffer media In addition implementing the use of adsorbent is to remove organic matter. The combination of aerobic and anaerobic process (facultative) and the addition of the adsorbent is an effective alternative treatment for pollutants in waste water treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficiency reduction of BOD, COD, ammonia, phosphate and phenol hospital wastewater. This study is an experimental research in hospital wastewater treatment using anaerobic-aerobic bioreactor. Bioreactors consist of two containers, namely anaerobic containers with buffer bioball media and aerobic containers with zeolite adsorbent media and added aerator. The study used three series bioreactor instruments that are distinguished by the composition of the bioball- zeolite, 1) 900:2700 grams; 2) 1800:1800 grams; 3 ) 2700:900 grams. Measurement results of processing also apply hydraulic residence time in each bioreactor, which is 18; 21; and 24 hours. Known pollutant removal efficiency is based on a calculation of pollutant concentration formulation of inlet and outlet processing. Based on the calculation of efficiency, the obtained results of eliminating pollutants are under local quality standards. The Analysis of Variance was used to analyze the mean difference, in order to find the media composition and hydraulic residence time of the most efficient removal of pollutants. The results obtained are bioreactors with composition 3. The hydraulic residence time of 18 hours was significant to the reduction of COD pollutants, and hydraulic residence time of 21 hours is significant to decrease pollutants BOD. Processing ammonia, phosphates and phenols using the bioreactor was not significant. Pseudomonas spp is a bacteria culture that is present in the process of approaching the significance. It can be concluded that bioreactor composition 3 is efficient in the removal of hospital wastewater pollutants and Pseudomonas spp is a bacterial culture identified in hospital wastewater treatment. Keywords : bioreactor, the composition of the media, hydraulic residence time, wastewater pollutants

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Ilmu Lingkungan
    Depositing User: Tities Amrihtasari
    Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2016 11:32
    Last Modified: 02 Nov 2016 11:32
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/27862

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