PENGARUH VITAMIN C TERHADAP KADAR IL-6 PLASMA DAN LAMA RAWAT INAP ENDERITA PPOK EKSARSEBASI AKUT

Yulistiana, Fadlia (2016) PENGARUH VITAMIN C TERHADAP KADAR IL-6 PLASMA DAN LAMA RAWAT INAP ENDERITA PPOK EKSARSEBASI AKUT. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    PENGARUH VITAMIN C TERHADAP KADAR IL-6 PLASMA DAN LAMA RAWAT INAP PENDERITA PPOK EKSASEBASI AKUT ABSTRAK Fadlia Yulistiana Latar Belakang: Eksaserbasi adalah kondisi akut ditandai perburukan gejala dibanding biasanya yang membutuhkan perubahan terapi. Peningkatan inflamasi saluran napas dan paru saat eksaserbasi menyebabkan peningkatan kadar IL-6 plasma serta menyebabkan sebagian besar pasien butuh perawatan di RS. Vitamin C adalah antioksidan vitamin berefek antiinflamasi dan antioksidan sehingga dapat ditambahan pada PPOK eksaserbasi. Metode dan Analisis: Penelitian ini adalah uji klinis eksperimental dengan pretest and post-test design yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh vitamin C terhadap kadar IL-6 plasma dan lama rawat inap penderita PPOK eksaserbasi. Subjek terdiri dari 33 penderita PPOK eksaserbasi yang dirawat di RSUD Soehadi Pridjonegoro Sragen bulan Oktober-November 2015. Sampel diambil secara purposive sampling. Subjek dibagi dua kelompok, kelompok perlakuan (n=16) mendapatkan terapi tambahan vitamin C 1x1000 mg/hari dan kelompok kontrol (n=17) mendapat terapi tambahan NaCl 0,9% 5mL selama perawatan. Kadar IL-6 diukur saat masuk dan saat kriteria pemulangan terpenuhi. Lama rawat inap dihitung berdasarkan jumlah hari peerawatan di RS. Hasil: Tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna secara statistik (p=0,379) terhadap penurunan kadar IL-6 plasma kelompok vitamin C (-7,89±34,83 pg/mL) dibanding kontrol (-17,19±38,46 pg/mL). Tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna secara statistik (p=0,24) terhadap lama rawat inap antara kelompok vitamin C (4,88±2,13 hari) dan kontrol (5,88+2,64 hari). Simpulan: Penambahan vitamin C 1x1000 mg/hari selama rawat inap tidak bermakna secara statistik terhadap penurunan kadar IL-6 plasma dan lama rawat inap penderita PPOK eksaserbasi akut. Kata kunci: vitamin C, PPOK eksaserbasi akut, IL-6 plasma, lama rawat inap. EFFECT OF VITAMIN C TO THE PLASMA IL-6 LEVEL AND LENGTH OF HOSPITALIZATION IN ACUTE EXACERBATION OF COPD PATIENT ABSTRACT Fadlia Yulistiana Introduction: Exacerbation is an acute condition that make the worsening of clinical symptoms. Increase of plasma IL-6 level occurs due to inflamation amplification of the airway. Most of exacerbation patients require hospitalization. Vitamin C is an antioxidant vitamin that has antiinflammatory effect and can be used as adjunctive therapy in acute exacerbation of COPD. Methode: This research is an experimental study with pretest and post-test design. The aims are to determine the effect of vitamin C on plasma IL-6 level and length of hospitalization in acute exacerbation of COPD patients. Subjects consist of 33 patients with acute exacerbation of COPD who treated in Soehadi Pridjonegoro Hospital since October to November 2015. Subjects was taken by purposive sampling methods. Subjects were divided into two groups, the treatment group (n=17) received single dose of 1000 mg vitamin C and control group (n=16) received 5 mL of normal saline. Interleukin-6 plasma level was measured on admission and if the discharge criteria are met. Length of hospitalization is calculated based on the number of days patient in care until discharge criteria are met. Result: There was no statistically significant difference (p=0,379 ) towards the decreased of plasma IL-6 level between vitamin C group (-7,89±34,83 pg/mL) and control group (-17,19±38,46 pg/mL). There was no statistically significant difference (p=0,27) towards the decreased of length of hospitalization between vitamin C group (4,88±2,13 days) and control group (4,88±2,13 days). Conclusion: The addition of single dose 1000 mg of vitamin C during hospitalization has no beneficial effect to the decline of plasma IL - 6 level and length of hospitalization in acute exacerbation of COPD patients. Key words: vitamin C, acute exacerbation of COPD, plasma IL-6, length of hospitalization.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
    Divisions: Fakultas Kedokteran
    Pasca Sarjana
    Depositing User: Nanda Rahma Ananta
    Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2016 09:39
    Last Modified: 31 Oct 2016 09:39
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/27800

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