Forestry Regulations and Management on Rosewood (Dalbergia.spp) in the World Heritage of Madagascar: Case Study of Marojejy and Masoala National Parks

Randriamamonjy, Tommy Anderson (2016) Forestry Regulations and Management on Rosewood (Dalbergia.spp) in the World Heritage of Madagascar: Case Study of Marojejy and Masoala National Parks. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRACT Tommy Anderson Randriamamonjy. A131408021. Forestry Regulation and Management on Rosewood (Dalbergia. spp), in the World Heritage of Madagascar: the Case Study of Marojejy and Masoala National Parks. A thesis, Surakarta: Environmental Science. Sebelas Maret University (UNS), 2016. Madagascar is a country rich in biodiversity. For decades, this biodiversity was already under pressure caused by of deforestation including the rosewood (Dalbergia. spp). The rosewood, which constitutes a valuable wood and one of the most wanted commodity in the world, has been harvested since the last decades in the country. The matter is that a considerable part of that species is exploited within the Protected Areas (PAs) Marojejy and Masoala, which are the World Heritage of UNESCO. Thus, thousands of tons of rosewood are operated illegally. The law No 97-017 in 1997 mentioned with clarity that the protected areas, national parks are not to be distracted. But in 2009, the situation in Madagascar uncovered that the illegal exploitation deepened further. The aim of the research was to try to explain and analyze why the forestry regulation and management policies are not effective to stop the problems of forest harvesting in Madagascar, especially on the question of rosewood and also propose to the government a strategy to properly manage the Madagascar forest in order to protect the World Heritage. In answering these problematic, methods are used such as data collection, SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats), RCA (Root Cause Analysis) and Overlapping regulation analysis, which are supported by the use of the comparative study method. The result has shown that the problem of ineffectiveness of the regulation and management is the inconsistencies of regulations it selves that due to the ability of some high ranking people inside the government to manipulate the regulations as they wish that in turn offset a part of the proper functioning of the national parks management. Many among them abuse the power they have in harvesting the public goods and resources. But on top of that, the illegal logging inner the PAs is occurred because of the poverty or the problem of the Malagasy economy. Thus, based on the identified problem, the proposed solution, apart of enforcing the law and regulations, was to reforest and renew the agricultural system and develop the tourism sector by innovating and adding necessary infrastructures just like which have been done by most other emerging countries such us Brazil and Indonesia. Keywords: Forestry, Regulation and Management, Rosewood, World Heritage, Madagascar National Parks.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana
    Pasca Sarjana > Magister
    Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Ilmu Lingkungan
    Depositing User: fransiska siska meilani
    Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2016 11:10
    Last Modified: 03 Aug 2016 11:10
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/27585

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