TINDAK TUTUR PENOLAKAN DALAM BAHASA JEPANG (Kajian Pragmatik Drama Televisi Berbahasa Jepang)

Andarwati, Titien Wahyu (2016) TINDAK TUTUR PENOLAKAN DALAM BAHASA JEPANG (Kajian Pragmatik Drama Televisi Berbahasa Jepang). Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Every nation around the globe certainly has unique characteristics which distinguish them from other nations. The main matter which characterizes is language. This also applies to Japanese. Japanese language is what differs Japanese people from other people in the world. One of Japanese characteristics in speaking is the habits of talking vaguely or ambiguously. It is known as aimai in Japanese culture, which also means ‘vague’, ‘ambiguous’, and ‘indecisive’, or in other words that bear similar meanings. It is said that even to refuse a simple thing, Japanese often do not utter the refusals directly but tend not to directly speak their point. However a different phenomenon was found in one of dialogues of Japanese TV Drama entitled My Girl. The dialogue in the drama depicted a female employee expressing her refusal directly when being asked not to go home early by the more senior employee. Based on this phenomenon, the research about how Japanese express their refusals is necessary to be conducted. The objectives of this research are to describe how Japanese express their refusals, to discover the determining factors, and to observe the implementation of the cooperation principles when expressing refusals. This research studied three Japanese TV dramas, namely: My Girl, Gyne, and The Untouchable as the source of data. The data of this research were the lingual units of refusal speech acts. The data of the research were collected through transcribing the speech acts found in the three dramas. The collected data were then analyzed by using the Spradley’s data analysis technique i.e. domain analysis to sort and determine the required data, taxonomy analysis to determine the refusal methods, the affecting factors, and the implementation of the cooperation principles used by the speakers when expressing refusals. The next step was componential analysis to determine the correlation between sub-aspects, and then to find the correlation with the Japanese culture. The results of the data analysis show that of 45 refusals, 21 (47%) are expressed directly and 24 (53%) are expressed indirectly. The determining factors for the refusals are those which generally affect a conversation, namely conversational situation factor and speaker-listener relationship factor. The data analysis shows that none of those two former factors is the main reason that is significant as to why the Japanese people directly or indirectly express their refusals. Japanese express their refusals in a certain way if some of the conversation factors are fulfilled. Japanese tend to express their refusals more directly when; (a) the listeners are younger or have a lower position than the speakers; (b) the listeners have a good relationship with the speakers; (c) the listeners are ‘outsiders’. Likewise, indirect refusal is used when; (a) the listeners are xxi older or have a higher position than the speakers; (b) the listeners have an awkward relationship; (c) the listeners are ‘insiders’. The results of this research show a significant change in the way Japanese expressing their refusals. In previous researches show that Japanese tend to express their refusal directly only when their listeners are in a lower or an equal position compared to the speakers. However, this research shows that Japanese also express their refusal directly to the listeners who have a higher position than the speakers. Keywords: Kotowarikata, pragmatics, refusal, soto, speech act, uchi

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister
    Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Linguistik - S2
    Depositing User: Afifah Nur Laili
    Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2016 16:34
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2016 16:34
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/24548

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