Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Labu Siam (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz) terhadap Profil Lipid Tikus (Rattus novergicus) Model Hiperlipidemia

OKTASARI, RINA (2015) Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Labu Siam (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz) terhadap Profil Lipid Tikus (Rattus novergicus) Model Hiperlipidemia. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Rina Oktasari. S531308013. 2015. Pengaruh Pemberian Jus Labu Siam (Sechium edule (Jacq. ) Swartz) terhadap Profil Lipid Tikus (Rattus novergicus) Model Hiperlipidemia. TESIS. Pembimbing I: Paramasari Dirgahayu, dr., Ph.D. Pembimbing II: Brian Wasita, dr., Ph.D. Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta. ABSTRAK Latar Belakang : Hiperlipidemia masih menjadi problem kesehatan masyarakat. Labu siam (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz) diketahui memiliki efek antihiperlipidemia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pemberian jus labu siam variasi dosis dibanding obat standar (atorvastatin) terhadap profil lipid tikus (Rattus novergicus) model hiperlipidemia. Metode : Penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimental laboratorik dengan rancangan pre and post controlled group design. Penelitian menggunakan 36 ekor tikus (Rattus novergicus) strain Wistar jantan. Tikus model hiperlipidemia dibuat dengan menginduksi high fat diet menggunakan butter selama 14 hari. Intervensi jus labu siam (JLS) dilakukan selama 10 hari. Tikus dibagi menjadi 6 kelompok yaitu kontrol negatif, kontrol positif, perlakuan I (atorvastatin, 0,18 mg/200 g BB tikus/hari), perlakuan II (JLS 2 ml/200 g BB tikus/hari), perlakuan III (JLS, 4 ml/200 g BB tikus/hari), perlakuan IV (JLS, 8 ml/200 g BB tikus/hari). Tikus diambil darahnya sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan untuk analisis profil lipid (kadar trigliserida, kolesterol total, HDL, dan LDL). Hasil : Hasil pre and post treatment menunjukkan bahwa kadar trigliserida menurun 156,32±41,35 pada kelompok perlakuan II (p<0,05), 149,02±29,37 mg/dl pada kelompok perlakuan III (p<0,05), dan 189,23±32,24 pada kelompok IV (p<0,05). Kadar kolesterol total menurun 61,63±12,92 pada kelompok perlakuan II (p<0,05), 74,38±9,78 mg/dl pada kelompok perlakuan III (p<0,05), dan 85,57±9,50 mg/dl pada kelompok IV (p<0,05). Kadar HDL meningkat 2,30±2,59 mg/dl pada kelompok perlakuan II (p>0,05), 1,92±2,57 mg/dl pada kelompok perlakuan III (p>0,05), dan 3,32±2,53 mg/dl pada kelompok IV (p>0,05). Kadar LDL menurun 59,45±8,95 mg/dl pada kelompok perlakuan II (p<0,05), 48,92±7,41 mg/dl pada kelompok perlakuan III (p<0,05), dan 62,77±5,66 mg/dl pada kelompok IV (p<0,05). Simpulan : JLS menurunkan kadar trigliserida, kolesterol total, dan LDL tikus secara bermakna (p < 0,05) pada semua dosis, dengan dosis optimal 8 ml/200 g BB tikus/hari, dimana daya antihiperlipidemia hampir setara dengan atorvastatin. JLS tidak menaikkan kadar HDL secara bermakna (p > 0,05). Kata kunci: hiperlipidemia, jus labu siam, tikus model hiperlipidemia, profil lipid Rina Oktasari. S531308013. 2015. Effect of Chayote Juice (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz) Administration on the Lipid Profiles of Hyperlipidemia Model Rats (Rattus novergicus). Thesis: Advisor: Paramasari Dirgahayu, dr., Ph.D. Co-advisor: Brian Wasita, dr., Ph.D. The Graduate Program in Nutrition Science, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 2015. ABSTRACT Background: Hyperlipidemia still becomes a public health problem. Chayote (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz) is known to have an antihyperlipidemia effect. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of chayote juice administration with dosage variations compared to the standard drug (atorvastatin) administration on the lipid profiles of hyperlipidemia model rats (Rattus novergicus). Method: This research used the laboratory experimental method with the pre- and post-controlled group design. The samples of research consisted of 36 male Wistar strain rats (Rattus novergicus). They were hyperlipidemia model rats and exposed to high fat diet induction by using butter for 14 days. They were then treated with chayote juice for 10 days. The rats were divided into 6 groups. Each group consisted of negative control and positive control. Treatment I used atorvastatin as much as 0.18 mg/200g of the weight of rat/day); Treatment II used the chayote juice as much as 2 ml/200 g of the weight of rat/day); Treatment III used the chayote juice as much as 4 ml/200 g of the weight of rat/day); and Treatment IV used the chayote juice as much as 8 ml/200 g of the weight of rat/day). The bloods of the rats were drawn prior to and following the treatments for the analysis of lipid profiles (triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL, and LDL). Result: The results of pre- and post-treatments show that the triglyceride levels decreased by 156.32 ± 41.35 mg/dl in Experimental Group II (p<0.05), 149.02 ± 29.37 mg/dl in Experimental Group III (p<0.05), and 189.23 ± 32.24 mg/dl in Experimental Group IV (p<0.05); the total cholesterol levels decreased by 61.63 ± 12.92 mg/dl in Experimental Group II (p<0.05), 74.38 ± 9.78 mg/dl in Experimental Group III (p<0.05), and 85.57 ± 9.50 mg/dl in Experimental Group (p<0.05); the HDL levels increased by 2.30 ± 2.59 mg/dl in Experimental Group II (p>0.05), 1.92 ± 2.57 mg/dl in in Experimental Group III (p>0.05), and 3.32 ± 2.53 mg/dl in Experimental Group IV (p>0.05); and the LDL levels decreased by 59.45 ± 8.95 mg/dl in Experimental Group II (p<0.05), 48.92 ± 7.41 mg/dl in Experimental Group III (p<0.05), and 62.77 ± 5.66 mg/dl in Experimental Group IV (p<0.05). Conclusion: The administration of Chayote juice could reduce the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, and LDL of the rats significantly at all doses (p<0.05). The optimal dose was 8 ml/200 g of the weight of rat/day and had the power of antihyperlipidemia which was almost equivalent to that of atorvastatin. The administration chayote juice did not raise the HDL levels significantly (p>0.05). Keywords: Hyperlipidemia, chayote juice, hyperlipidemia model rats, lipid profile

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister
    Pasca Sarjana > Magister > Ilmu Gizi
    Depositing User: faizah sarah yasarah
    Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2015 11:47
    Last Modified: 22 Nov 2015 11:47
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/21826

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