PENGARUH NAUNGAN DAN CEKAMAN AIR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PURWOCENG (Pimpinella pruatjan Molk.) DI TAWANGMANGU

Rumanda, Bramantyo Jati (2013) PENGARUH NAUNGAN DAN CEKAMAN AIR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PURWOCENG (Pimpinella pruatjan Molk.) DI TAWANGMANGU. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Purwoceng is a herbaceous plant whose roots are reported commercial medicinal as an aphrodisiac, diuretics, and tonic. Purwoceng is an original plant of Indonesia that lived endemic in mountainous areas. Purwoceng is a wild plant that grows in the under the tree or forest, so the plant growth is not optimal when the plant gets direct sunlight irradiation. This study aimed to obtain the level of shade and water stress that can increase crop yields of purwoceng. The research was conducted in the village of Gondosuli, Tawangmangu, Karanganyar held for 6 months ie from December 2012 until May 2013. This research using Completely Randomized Design with two treatments, level of shade (without shade, 25% shade, 50% shade and 75% shade) and level of water stress (no stress, 75% water supply from field capacity, 50% water supply from field capacity and 25% water supply from field capacity). This research were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) level of 5%. The results showed that the plant purwoceng without shade and without water stress produce the best growth of young leaf, petiole number, root length, fresh weight and dry weight of plants. Difference treatment of shade and water stress levels had no effect on the growth canopy1 of purwoceng Purwoceng merupakan tanaman herba komersial yang akarnya bermanfaat sebagai afrodisiak, diuretik, dan tonik. Purwoceng merupakan tanaman asli Indonesia yang hidup endemik di daerah pegunungan. Purwoceng tumbuh di bawah tegakan tanaman keras atau hutan, sehingga pertumbuhan tanaman kurang optimal apabila mendapat penyinaran sinar matahari langsung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan tingkat naungan dan cekaman air yang dapat meningkatkan hasil tanaman purwoceng. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Gondosuli, Kecamatan Tawangmangu, Kabupaten Karanganyar yang dilaksanakan bulan Desember 2012 sampai Mei 2013. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan dua perlakuan yaitu tingkat naungan (tanpa naungan, naungan 25%, naungan 50% dan naungan 75%) dan tingkat cekaman air (tanpa cekaman, pemberian air 75% kapasitas lapang, pemberian air 50% kapasitas lapang dan pemberian air 25% kapasitas lapang). Data hasil penelitian ini dianalisis menggunakan analisa ragam (ANOVA) taraf 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tanaman purwoceng tanpa naungan dan tanpa cekaman air menghasilkan pertumbuhan paling baik dari jumlah anak daun, jumlah tangkai daun, panjang akar, berat basah dan berat kering tanaman. Perbedaan perlakuan tingkat naungan dan cekaman air tidak berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan panjang tajuk purwoceng.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Agroteknologi
    Depositing User: Prima Adi Pradana
    Date Deposited: 10 May 2014 18:49
    Last Modified: 10 May 2014 18:49
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/15966

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