PENENTUAN STATUS MUTU AIR SUMUR DENGAN METODE STORET DI WILAYAH KAMPUNG BATIK LAWEYAN

, Budiyono (2013) PENENTUAN STATUS MUTU AIR SUMUR DENGAN METODE STORET DI WILAYAH KAMPUNG BATIK LAWEYAN. Masters thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    The objectives of this research are: (a) to describe the quality status of the well water in the territory of Laweyan Batik Village by using the Storet method; (b) to investigate the difference in the quality status of the water between that in the subterrirtory with the permanent drainage system and that in the subterritory with the semipermanent drainage system in the territory of Laweyan Batik Village by using the Storet method; and (c) to describe the development pattern of the early warning system toward the quality status of the water in the teritory of Laweyan Batik Village. This research was a cross sectional research with non-hypothetic observation. This research described the dynamics of the linkage between the variables and the impact. The variables of this research consisted of the condition of the drainage of the waste from the batik material and the quality status of the well water. The sample of the well water was taken from the subteritory of Laweyan Batik Village with 9 permanent drainage systems and the subterritory with 9 semipermanent drainage systems. The sample of the well water was taken randomly with reference to SNI 6989.58-2008. The physical parameters of this research consisted of the acidity level (pH), the calcium level, the iron level, the manganese level, the mercury level, the zinc level, the plumbum level, and the hexavalent chromium level. The biological parameters of this research consisted of the coliform level. The concentration of the heavy metals was analyzed by using the Atomic Absorption Spectrometer. The quality status of the well water was determined by using the Storet method. The results of this research are as follows: (a) the well water in the sub territory of Laweyan Batik Village with the permanent drainage system is highly polluted in accordance with the determination by using the Storet method as pointed out by the score of -45. Similarly, the well water in the subterritory of Laweyan Batik Village with the semipermanent drainage system is highly polluted in accordance with the determination by using the Storet method as indicated by the score of -51; (b) there is not any significant difference in the quality status of the well water between that in the subterritory with the permanent drainage system and that in the subterritory with the semipermanent drainage system as signified by the result of the t-test that the t value is -0.346 with the significance level of p which is equal to 0.736; and (c) the development pattern of the early warning system involves the people and the concerned government institutions. The people monitor the physical parameters by using the organoleptic test and the fish as the bioindicator while the concerned government institutions monitor the chemical, bacteriological, and radioactive parameters in real time and continuity. Tujuan penelitian untuk; a) mendeskripsikan status mutu air sumur di wilayah kampung batik Laweyan dengan metode Storet, b) mengetahui perbedaan status mutu air antara kawasan sistem drainase permanen dengan sistem drainase semi permanen pada wilayah kampung batik Laweyan dengan metode Storet, c) mendeskripsikan pola pengembangan sistem peringatan dini terhadap status mutu air pada wilayah kampung batik Laweyan. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian cross-sectional yang bersifat observasional non hipotetik, yaitu menggambarkan dinamika keterkaitan antara variabel dengan dampaknya. Variabel dalam penelitian ini meliputi kondisi saluran drainase limbah batik dan status mutu air sumur. Sampel air sumur diambil dari kawasan Kampung Batik Laweyan yang memiliki sistem drainase permanen sebanyak 9 sumur dan kawasan dengan sistem drainase semi permanen sebanyak 9 sumur. Pengambilan sampel sumur dilakukan secara acak mengacu pada SNI 6989.58-2008. Parameter kualitas air sumur terdiri atas parameter fisik yang meliputi suhu, kekeruhan dan partikel terlarut (TDS). Parameter kimia meliputi pH kalsium, besi, mangan, logam berat (merkuri, seng, timbal dan kromium heksavalen). Parameter biologi berupa kandungan coliform. Konsetrasi logam dianalisis dengan metode Spektrometer Serapan Atom (SAA). Penentuan status mutu air sumur dilakukan dengan metode Storet. Kesimpulan : a) kualitas air sumur di wilayah kampung Batik Laweyan pada kawasan sistem drainase permanen, dengan metode Storet diperoleh skor -45 (tercemar berat). Kualitas air sumur di wilayah kampung batik Laweyan pada kawasan sistem drainase semi permanen, dengan metode Storet diperoleh skor -51 (tercemar berat), b) tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan status mutu air sumur dengan metode Storet antara kawasan sistem drainase permanen dengan kawasan sistem drainase semi permanen, karena t = -0,346 p = 0,736, c) pola pengembangan sistem peringatan dini melibatkan masyarakat dan instansi pemerintah yang terkait. Masyarakat memantau parameter fisik dengan uji organoleptik dan penggunaan bioindikator berupa ikan, instansi pemerintah memantau parameter kimia, bakteriologis, radioaktif secara real-time dan terus menerus

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
    Divisions: Pasca Sarjana > Magister
    Depositing User: Vignasari Kokasih
    Date Deposited: 10 May 2014 18:28
    Last Modified: 10 May 2014 18:28
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/15937

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