IMPLEMENTASI PROGRAM ONE VILLAGE ONE PRODUCT (OVOP) DALAM RANGKA PEMBERDAYAAN USAHA MIKRO KECIL MENENGAH (UMKM) (Studi Kasus di Kampung Wisata Batik Kauman Kota Surakarta)

Syaefuddin, Fahmi (2013) IMPLEMENTASI PROGRAM ONE VILLAGE ONE PRODUCT (OVOP) DALAM RANGKA PEMBERDAYAAN USAHA MIKRO KECIL MENENGAH (UMKM) (Studi Kasus di Kampung Wisata Batik Kauman Kota Surakarta). Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    One Village One Product (OVOP) program is a policy to empower the economic potential in local areas through Micro-Small-Middle Scale Enterprise (MSMSE). In Kauman Batik Tour Kampong (KWBK) of Surakarta City, the implementation was built on the Governor of Central Java‟s Instruction No. 518/23546 in 2011 about the Development of Rural Area‟s Superior Product through Cooperative-based One Village One Product (OVOP) approach in Central Java. This research aimed to find out the implementation process and the factors affecting the implementation of OVOP program in KWBK. This study was taken place in Kauman, constituting a descriptive research. Techniques of collecting data employed were interview, observation and documentation. The sampling technique used was purposive one. The data validation was carried out using data or source triangulations. Technique of analyzing data employed was an interactive model of analysis. The implementation of OVOP program in KWBK was still at input stage encompassing the absorption of competent human resource, raw material and capital procurement. These three needs were still at beginning stage of OVOP program implementation process, most of which had met the need. The absorption of competent human resource had been attempt with training and through the establishment of Business Development Services (BDS). The raw material procurement was helped by Central Java provincial government that provided the raw material grant and attempted to establish the raw material procurement unit. The capitalization was attempted by making collaboration with bank in order to get low-interest loan as well as grant and other funds. There were supporting and inhibiting factors affecting the implementation of OVOP program. The supporting factor included the factor of well-established communication, either formally or informally, between the stakeholders. Another supporting factor was resource factor including many needs, most of which had met the requirement supporting the implementation process. Meanwhile, the inhibiting factor lied in the bureaucracy structure constrained by the absence of Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the policy performers thereby inhibited the implementation of OVOP program. Program One Village One Product (OVOP) merupakan kebijakan untuk memberdayakan potensi ekonomi di daerah melalui Usaha Mikro Kecil Menengah (UMKM). Di Kampung Wisata Batik Kauman (KWBK) Kota Surakarta, pelaksanaannya mendasarkan pada Instruksi Gubernur Jawa Tengah No. 518/23546 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengembangan Produk Unggulan Daerah Perdesaan Melalui Pendekatan One Village One Product (OVOP) Berbasis Koperasi di Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui proses implementasi dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi implementasi program OVOP di KWBK. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kauman, merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara, observasi dan dokumenter. Teknik pemilihan informan menggunakan purposive sampling. Validitas data dilakukan dengan triangulasi data atau sumber. Teknik analisis data menggunakan model analisis interaktif. Implementasi program OVOP di KWBK masih berada pada tahap input yang meliputi penyerapan SDM yang kompeten, penyediaan bahan baku dan permodalan. Ketiga keperluan tersebut masih pada tahap awal proses implementasi program OVOP, dimana sebagian besar sudah memenuhi kebutuhan. Penyerapan SDM kompeten telah diupayakan dengan pelatihan dan melalui pembentukan Bussines Develeopment Services (BDS). Penyediaan bahan baku dibantu oleh pemerintah provinsi Jawa Tengah menyediakan bahan baku yang bersifat hibah serta upaya mendirikan unit pengadaan bahan baku. Permodalan diupayakan melakukan kerjasama dengan bank agar mendapat kredit bunga rendah serta bantuan berupa hibah dan lainnya. Terdapat faktor pendukung dan penghambat yang mempengaruhi implementasi program OVOP. Faktor pendukung diantaranya faktor komunikasi yang telah terjalin baik secara formal maupaun informal antar pemangku kepentingan. Faktor sumber daya yang meliputi banyak kebutuhan, sebagian besar telah memenuhi keperluan yang mendukung proses implementasi. Sedangkan faktor penghambat terletak pada struktur birokrasi yang terkendala dengan belum adanya Standard Operatring Procedure (SOP) bagi pelaksana kebijakan sehingga bisa menghambat implementasi program OVOP. Kata Kunci : Implementasi, Program OVOP

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
    Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Ilmu Administrasi Negara
    Depositing User: Nur Anisah
    Date Deposited: 10 May 2014 18:15
    Last Modified: 10 May 2014 18:15
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/15916

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