ANALISIS SPASIAL FASILITAS KESEHATAN KABUPATEN SRAGEN TAHUN 2011

Hastut, Dwi (2013) ANALISIS SPASIAL FASILITAS KESEHATAN KABUPATEN SRAGEN TAHUN 2011. Other thesis, UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET.

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    Abstract

    Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk: (1) Mengetahui distribusi fasilitas kesehatan (2) Mengetahui kecukupan dan jangkauan (3) Mengetahui aksesibilitas (4) Mengetahui kinerja fasilitas kesehatan Kabupaten Sragen tahun 2011. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif spasial. Populasi penelitian adalah fasilitas kesehatan Rumah Sakit, Puskesmas, Puskesmas Pembantu, Balai Pengobatan, dan Rumah Bersalin di Kabupaten Sragen. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah proporsional sampling untuk mementukan jumlah responden berdasarkan jumlah kunjungan dan accidental sampling untuk mengetahui kinerja dan harapan masyarakat terhadap pelayanan kesehatan. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik dokumentasi, observasi, wawancara, dan kuesioner. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis peta dan analisis tabel silang. Hasil penelitian ini adalah : (1) Fasilitas kesehatan di Kabupaten Sragen yang meliputi Rumah Sakit, Puskesmas, Pustu, Balai Pengobatan dan Rumah bersalin berjumlah 178 unit. Distribusinya paling banyakadalah diKecamatan Masaran yaitu 19 unit (10,67%) dan paling sedikit di Kecamatan Gesi dan Gondang yaitu 3 unit (1,69%). (2) Tingkat kecukupan fasilitas kesehatan Puskesmas pembantu, Balai Pengobatan, dan Rumah Bersalin di Kabupaten Sragen termasuk dalam kategori tidak cukup, kecamatan yang tercukupi sebanyak 10 kecamatan (50%) dan yang tidak tercukupi sebanyak 10 kecamatan (50%). Tingkat Kecukupan Puskesmas di Kabupaten Sragen termasuk dalam kategori tidak cukup, kecamatan yang tercukupi sebanyak 6 kecamatan (30%) dan yang tidak tercukupi sebanyak 14 kecamatan (70%). Jumlah penduduk yang terlayani sebanyak 702.679 jiwa (79,01%) dan yang tidak terlayani sebanyak 186.677 jiwa (20,99%). Tingkat kecukupan Rumah Sakit di Kabupaten Sragen ternasuk dalam kategori cukup. Jangkauan fasilitas kesehatan di Kabupaten Sragen terdapat 15 desa yang belum terjangkau. (3) Aksesibilitas menuju Puskesmas yang termasuk dalam kategori mudah terjangkau ada 5 kecamatan, cukup terjangkau 8 kecamatan, dan sulit terjangkau 7 kecamatan. Aksesibilitas menuju Rumah sakit yang termasuk dalam kategori mudah terjangkau ada 12 kecamatan, cukup terjangkau 4 kecamatan, dan sulit terjangkau 4 kecamatan. Aksesibilitas antar kecamatan yang yang termasuk dalam kategori aksesibilitas tinggi ada 2 kecamatan yaitu Masaran dan Sragen, aksesibilitas sedang 3 kecamatan, dan aksesibilitas rendah 15 kecamatan. (4) a. Puskesmas dengan nilai IKM tertinggi yaitu Puskesmas Sragen dengan nilai IKM 3,35. b. Rumah Sakit dengan nilai IKM tertinggi yaitu RSUD Gemolong dengan nilai IKM 3,57 dan termasuk dalam kategori mutu pelayanan sangat baik, sedangkan Rumah Sakit dengan IKM terendah yaitu RS PKU Muhammadiyah Masaran dengan IKM 2,98 dan termasuk dalam kategori mutu pelayanan baik. Tingkat kesesuaian antara kinerja dan harapan masyarakat paling tinggi adalah di RSIA Restu Ibu yaitu 91,27% dan tingkat kesesuaian paling rendah di RS Yakksi Gemolong yaitu 77,76 %. The research aims at providing: (1) the distribution of health care center (2) the sufficiency and scope of health care center (3) the accessibility of health care center (4) the service capability of health care center in Sragen regency in 2011. Spatial descriptive method was applied, the research populations were hospital, public health center, subsidiary public health center, clinic, and maternity home in sragen regency. Proportional sampling was used to determine the quantity of respondent based on visitation and accidental sampling was used to determine the capability of health care center and public expectation toward health care treatment. The data were collected using documentation technique,observation, interview, and questioner. Map analysis and cross table technique were applied to determine the result. The result of this research reveals: (1) Total healthcare facilities in Sragen regency including hospitals, public health centers, subsidiary public health centers, clinic, and maternity homes are 178 units. The highest distribution of healthcare facilities in Sragen is located in Masaran, they are 19 units (10,67%) and the lowest distribution is located in Gesi an Gondang, they are 3 units (1,69%). (2) The sufficient level of subsidiary public health centers, clinic, and maternity homes in Sragen does not meet the demands of all the residents of Sragen, there are 10 subdistricts (50%)were served and as many as 10 subdistricts (50%)were not served. The sufficient level of public health center in Sragen does not meet the demands of all the residents of Sragen,, there are 6 subdistricts (30%)were served and as many as 14 subdistricts (70%)were not served. The amount of the served residents are 702.679 (79,01%) and as many as 186,677 residents (20,99%) were not served. The sufficient level of hospital in Sragen meets the demands of all the residents. There are 15 villages which have not been reached by the health care facility of Sragen. (3) There are 5subdistricts which are categorized as having easily accessible public health center, 8subdistricts having quite accessible, and 7subdistricts having hardly accessible. There are 12subdistricts which are categorized as having easily accessible hospital, 4 subdistricts having quite accessible, and 4subdistricts having hardly accessible. There are two sub-districts, Masaran and Gemolong which are categorized as having high inter sub-district accessibility, seven sub-districts having medium inter sub-district accessibility, and 11 sub-districts having low inter sub-district accessibility.(4) a. Primary Healthcare in Sragen have the highest IKM score 3,35, it is categorized as having a good quality service b. RSUD Gemolong have the highest IKM score, 2,98, it is categorized as having a good quality service. Hospital which has highest equality service rate between its service rate and expectation rate is RSIA Restu Ibu, the percentage is 91, 27 and the lowest is RS Yakksi Gemolong, 77, 76 %.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan > Pendidikan Geografi
    Depositing User: Miranda Nur Q. A.
    Date Deposited: 10 May 2014 17:15
    Last Modified: 10 May 2014 17:15
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/15822

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