Effect of Oral N-acetylcysteine Treatment on Immune System in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Purwanto, Bambang and Prasetyo, Diding H. (2012) Effect of Oral N-acetylcysteine Treatment on Immune System in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients. The Indonesian Journal of Internal Medicine, 44 (2). pp. 140-144.

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    Abstract

    Aim: to determine the effect of oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on plasma levels of inflammatory markers in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) patients. Methods: we performed a placebo-controlled study over 8 weeks in 32 patients on regular CAPD. The patients were divided into 2 groups of 16 patients matched for age and gender. The first group was given NAC 2x600 mg/day for 8 weeks and inflammatory parameter was compared with control group. The immune system is determined from the average levels of Procalcitonin, IL-6, IL-1, C3, SICAM, hsCRP, and TNF-a before and after treatment with NAC. Student t-test was performed to compare the means between NAC receiving and control groups. All statistics were done using SPSS software (SPSS Ver 16.0). Results: administration of NAC, significantly diminished PCT (-0.38±0.57 vs 0.09±0.14; p=0.004), IL-6 (-1.94±3.03 vs 1.19±1.99; p=0.002), IL-1 (-0.14±0.21 vs 0.01±0.04; p=0.010), C3 (-7.40±12.04 vs 4.60±8.12; p=0.002), sICAM (-80.59±29.18 vs -35.02±46.99; p=0.007), hsCRP (-1.50±1.32 vs 0.81±1.17; p<0.001) and TNF-a (-0.73±0.47 vs 0.14±0.74; p<0.001) levels compared control to group. Conclusion: short-term oral NAC treatment resulted in reduction of circulating PCT, IL-6, IL-1, C3, sICAM, hsCRP, and TNF-a in CAPD patients.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
    Divisions: Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat - LPPM
    Depositing User: Anis Fagustina
    Date Deposited: 04 May 2014 02:08
    Last Modified: 04 May 2014 02:08
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/14877

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