Human as Commodity: The Effects of Capitalism as Reflected in John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath (Sociological Approach)

Nugraha, Adiwena Yusuf (2013) Human as Commodity: The Effects of Capitalism as Reflected in John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath (Sociological Approach). Other thesis, UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET.

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    Abstract

    Adiwena Yusuf Nugraha. C0308016. Human as Commodity: The Effects of Capitalism as Reflected in John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath. Undergraduate Thesis. Faculty of Letters and Fine Arts. Sebelas Maret University. This research explores how the capitalism system degrades the human values into just a commodification as reflected in John Steinbeck’s Grapes of Wrath. This is a descriptive qualitative research. The main data is a novel entitled Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck (1939) that is published by The Viking Press. Secondary data involves books, articles, journal, and other resources that give information about the human commodification in capitalism system This research uses sociological and applies Karl Marx materialist theory to explain the danger of social implication of uncontrolled capitalism toward society. The theory focuses on the social phenomenon analysis, especially human commodification to uncover the illusionary hope that is sounded in the capitalism system. The result shows that the existence of human commodification is the effect of anarchical practice of capitalists in the simultaneous error of capitalism system in their making profit intention such as the replacement of labor with unskilled labor and machinery, providing the huge number of production, and put the wage the rates down. The cause of human commodification in the simultaneous limp capitalism system is portrayed implicitly in Grapes of Wrath. The human commodification existence in capitalism system is institutionalized through human alienation that makes human can be positioned as private property. The first one is the human alienation from nature as exterior object that basically source of his life. The second one is the alienation of human toward his species-being that make human is human. The third one is the alienation of human from human being of man, his own body, nature, thinking, and human essence. The last one is the alienation human from human and his products that finally leads to human commodification. The human commodification in the capitalism system stimulates labor exploitation that makes the society trapped in lack of education, lack of health, famine, and life in suffers.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
    Divisions: Fakultas Sastra dan Seni Rupa > Sastra Inggris
    Depositing User: Nisaa Adlia Adani
    Date Deposited: 03 May 2014 18:26
    Last Modified: 03 May 2014 18:26
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/14021

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