Analisis Pengaruh Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB), Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri (PMDN) dan Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) terhadap Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service Di Indonesia Tahun 1986 – 2012

PRASETYA, PRISTA ANDI (2013) Analisis Pengaruh Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB), Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri (PMDN) dan Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) terhadap Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service Di Indonesia Tahun 1986 – 2012. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    Agriculture, Manufacture, and Service are the superior sectors in Indonesia, but the absorption of labor in those sectors is less optimal so that it is expected to affect the economy systemically. This study aimed to analyze the effect of Gross National Product (GDP), Domestic Investment, and Foreign Investment on the labor absorption in Agriculture, Manufacture, and Service sectors in Indonesia in the period of 1986-2012. This study employed secondary data type that was time series in nature during 1986-2012 or 27 years. The data derived from Central Statistic Agency and Investment Coordinating Agency containing in several editions. This study was a descriptive quantitative research. The method of analyzing data employed was a multiple linear regression with Ordinary Least Square (OLS). Considering the research conducted, the following recommendation could be given. (1) The simultaneous management of GDP growth or the development of infrastructures supporting investment in agriculture, manufacture and service sectors should become the main growth machine in economy continuously in addition to supporting the growth of labor absorption in those sectors. (2) There should be an attempt of withdrawing investment (Foreign Investment and Domestic Investment) in agriculture, manufacture and service sectors in Indonesia by good fundamental infrastructures in the form of Directly Productive Activity (DPA) and Social Overhead Capital (SOC) and remaining to maintain conducive investment climate. (3) There should be an attempt of improving the investment’s focus and goal in agriculture, manufacture and service sectors, so that the investment in those sectors would focus not only on the capital-intensive development but also on the work- intensive one. Keywords: labor absorption, GDP, Domestic Investment and Foreign Investment, agriculture, manufacture and service sectors. Sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service merupakan sektor-sektor unggulan di Indonesia, tetapi penyerapan tenaga kerja sektor tersebut kurang optimal sehingga dikhawatirkan akan berdampak sistemik dalam perekonomian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Produk Domestik Bruto (PDB), Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri (PMDN), Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service di Indonesia selama kurun waktu tahun 1986- 2012. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis data sekunder yang bersifat runtun waktu (time series) selama tahun 1986-2012 atau 27 tahun. Data tersebut bersumber dari Badan Pusat Statistik dan Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal beberapa edisi. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif diskriptif. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah model regresi linier berganda dengan metode Ordinary Least Square (OLS). Berdasarkan penelitian Yang telah dilakukan, maka hal-hal yang dapat disarankan antara lain: (1) Penanganan secara simultan baik terhadap pertumbuhan PDB maupun penciptaan prasarana penunjang investasi sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service agar dapat terus menjadi mesin pertumbuhan utama dalam perekonomian selain secara bersamaan terus mendorong pertumbuhan penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor tersebut. (2) Melakukan upaya penarikan investasi (PMDN dan PMA) pada sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service di Indonesia dengan menyediakan sarana dan prasarana dasar baikyang itu sifatnya Directly Productive Activity (DPA) maupun Social Overhead Capital (SOC) serta terus memelihara iklim investasi yang kondusif. (3) Perlunya upaya peningkatan fokus dan tujuan investasi sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service, sehingga investasi pada sektor tersebut tidak hanya cenderung fokus pada pembangunan padat modal tetapi diarahkan pada pembangunan yang padat karya. Kata Kunci: penyerapan tenaga kerja, PDB, PMDN dan PMA sektor Agriculture, Manufacture dan Service.

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Ekonomi
    Depositing User: Prima Adi Pradana
    Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2014 20:36
    Last Modified: 26 Apr 2014 20:36
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/13737

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