PENGARUH TINGKAT BAHAYA BAHAN KIMIA TERHADAP DERMATITIS KULIT DAN ISPA PADA PEKERJA LABORATORIUM KIMIA PKBS

Septiani, Putri (2013) PENGARUH TINGKAT BAHAYA BAHAN KIMIA TERHADAP DERMATITIS KULIT DAN ISPA PADA PEKERJA LABORATORIUM KIMIA PKBS. Other thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret.

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    Abstract

    ABSTRACT Background: Various risks of threats may be posed by the chemicals inside the chemical laboratory. Variety of hazardous chemicals is used particularly at PKBS chemical laboratory. According to the observations, many of the workers who work 8 hours/day is always in contact with the hazardous chemicals and it is obtained that they have problem of respiratory and skin. Methods: The study applied observational analytic cross-sectional approach. 37 people are taken as the total sampling of the workforce who works at chemical laboratories of PKBS. The Retrieval of the data is done by using questionnaires to determine the dermatitis and respiratory complaints. The Measurement scale of dermatitis and ISPA variables were nominal, while the measurement scale of the chemical hazard rate variable is ordinal, with statistical data analysis of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Results: The results of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test of the chemicals on the level of danger at dermatitis have obtained p value = 0.999. It means that there is no effect of the chemical hazards on dermatitis. Furthermore, the results of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test level of chemicals hazards toward the ISPA complaint has obtained p value = 0.015 (p <0.05). It means that there is a significant effect of the level of the chemicals hazards on the ISPA. Conclusions: Based on the result, it shows that the levels of chemicals hazards has given a significant effect on the ISPA of the laboratory workers and shows no effect on dermatitis. Keywords: The levels of Chemical Hazards, Dermatitis, ISPA, Workers ABSTRAK Latar Belakang : Berbagai ancaman risiko dapat ditimbulkan oleh bahan-bahan kimia yang ada di laboratorium. Laboratorium kimia PKBS merupakan laboratorium yang menggunakan berbagai macam bahan kimia berbahaya. Dari hasil observasi tenaga kerja yang bekerja 8 jam/hari tersebut selalu kontak dengan bahan kimia berbahaya dan didapatkan keluhan pernapasan dan keluhan penyakit kulit. Metode : Penelitian observasional analitik dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Sampel 37 tenaga kerja dengan total sampling, yang bekerja di laboratorium kimia PKBS. Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner untuk mengetahui keluhan dermatitis dan ISPA. Skala pengukuran variabel dermatitis dan ISPA adalah nominal, sedangkan skala pengukuran variabel tingkat bahaya bahan kimia adalah ordinal, dengan analisis data uji statistik Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Hasil : Hasil uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov tingkat bahaya bahan kimia terhadap dermatitis didapatkan nilai p = 0,999 berarti tidak ada pengaruh tingkat bahaya bahan kimia terhadap dermatitis. Sedangkan dari hasil uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov tingkat bahaya bahan kimia terhadap ISPA didapatkan nilai p = 0,015 (p < 0,05) berarti terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan tingkat bahaya bahan kimia terhadap ISPA. Simpulan : Ada pengaruh tingkat bahaya bahan kimia terhadap ISPA pada pekerja laboratorium kimia dan tidak ada pengaruh tingkat bahaya bahan kimia terhadap dermatitis. Kata Kunci : Tingkat Bahaya Bahan Kimia, Dermatitis, ISPA, Tenaga Kerja

    Item Type: Thesis (Other)
    Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
    Divisions: Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat - LPPM
    Depositing User: Nurrahma Restia
    Date Deposited: 03 May 2014 17:39
    Last Modified: 03 May 2014 17:39
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/12653

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