INFLUENCE OF MIDDLE EAST MOSLEM SCHOLARS’ THOUGHT ON ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM MOVEMENT OF YOGYAKARTA AND SURAKARTA PENGARUH PEMIKIRAN ULAMA TIMUR TENGAH TERHADAP GERAKAN ISLAM FUNDAMENTALISME DI YOGYAKARTA DAN SURAKARTA

M.S, Istadiyantha (2010) INFLUENCE OF MIDDLE EAST MOSLEM SCHOLARS’ THOUGHT ON ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM MOVEMENT OF YOGYAKARTA AND SURAKARTA PENGARUH PEMIKIRAN ULAMA TIMUR TENGAH TERHADAP GERAKAN ISLAM FUNDAMENTALISME DI YOGYAKARTA DAN SURAKARTA. JURNAL CMES UNS, 1 (3). pp. 249-279.

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    Abstract

    Islam came in Indonesia through several phases. In first phase, Islam religion entered Indonesia via trading and sufi pattern, and the second pattern, Islam entered Indonesia through political way, namely, radical-fundamentalism movements that had tendency to perform aggressive actions in center of power, and the Islamic values were embedded forcefully by ignoring cultural factors. The two patterns of movements become bases for next ones. Process of Islamic thought diffusion from Middle East was also conducted by organizing contacts with Afghanistan fighters that had come from various countries in order to participate in military training in Peshawar of Pakistan. Next phase is the spreading of Islam religion through education path. In this pattern, dissemination of Islam tenets is taking place through Moslem scholars to Indonesian students who are attending education in Middle East. Then, the alumni spread Islamic tenets in Indonesia. Another pattern is through transmission of Islamic books that translated from Arabic to Indonesian. It is also influencing process of Indonesian people thought about Islam tenets. Considering data that had been obtained so it can be concluded that Islamic fundamentalist thought is a tenet spreading from Middle East to various parts of the world including Indonesia. Thus, appropriate theory for the study is a diffusion theory with historical paradigm. Islamic fundamentalist movement has bases of thought ideology and movement strategy that differ from Islamic organizations that present in Indonesia previously. The fundamentalist movement is considered to have puritan mindset, and having more militant, radical, scriptural, conservative and exclusive characters. The new Islamic organizations have various platforms. However, generally they have common mission, namely, to apply Islamic rules in all aspects of life including in state affairs. Dekmejian made a typology about Islamic movement of the world in 4 categories. 1) Gradualist- Pragmatic; 2) Revolutionary Shi’ite; 3) Revolutionary Sunni; and 4) Pure Islam religious proselytizing (Messianic-Puritanical). Author focuses on examination of Islamic fundamentalist movements in Yogyakarta and Surakarta because the two regions have very important historical values for emergence Islam movements in Indonesia, so that the two regions are representation of existing movements in Indonesia. Key words: Islamic fundamentalism, Islam Al-Ushuliyyah

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
    Divisions: Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat - LPPM
    Depositing User: Anis Fagustina
    Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2014 03:48
    Last Modified: 18 Apr 2014 03:48
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/11891

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