MENELUSURI BENTUK RUMAH TINGGAL PENDUDUK PADA JAMAN KERAJAAN MAJAPAHIT Dalam rangka rekontruksi bangunan situs arkeologi untuk Kawasan Wisata Budaya Majapahit di Trowulan

Sasongko, Soepomo and Winarto, Yosafat (2014) MENELUSURI BENTUK RUMAH TINGGAL PENDUDUK PADA JAMAN KERAJAAN MAJAPAHIT Dalam rangka rekontruksi bangunan situs arkeologi untuk Kawasan Wisata Budaya Majapahit di Trowulan. Jurnal Penelitian Budaya Etnik, 10 (2). ISSN 1411-7258

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    Abstract

    measures or proportion of houses of the inhabitants in the city of Majapahit Kingdom. Those measures or proportion are needed to reconstruct such buildings for developing Kawasan Wisata Budaya Majapahit or Majapahit. Park. The specific aim in this first stage is to know the background of the aesthetic experience in that cultural area of the Majapqhit kingdom, to know the basic form and space concept of the house, and to make sketches of the initial form of the house. The result of this research is, this kind of building is profane building which functions as dwelling house for the inhabitans of average people in that kingdom. This buiiding is closed building, which means that it uses closed walls permanently, the foot of the building names batur. The building layout is surrounded by water ditch as wide as 7-8 cm, which is made of bricks being put upright along the ditch. The position of undakan is exactly in the center of the building far;ade. The floor of the building is assumed to use bricks to make it hard. Umpak is not found as the buffer as in other site findings. The building pillars rest on the batur floor, because there is no umpak. This building is strongly assumed to use permanent closed walls, because there is only one undakan in the central part of the far;ade. The material for the walls and the pillars are assumed to be organic materials which are easy to corrupt or dissolve, so that the material can not stay long. Wall materials are assumed to be made of wood, if we see the miniature of the terracotta building, which take the form of modular panels that stretch upward (vertically). The amount of the pillars is assumed to be 4, and the door is situated exactly above the undakan, with two door shutters. Head of the building. The form of the roof is /imasan with ukel ornaments at the tips of the roof comers and kemuncak at its ridge. The material of the roof is made of terracota tiles which are arranged as sirap arrangement. The structure of its buffer, reng, is assumed to use sliced bamboo while the usuk uses cylinder or whole bamboo. To tie the roof structure (reng and usuk) they used ribbon which is made of ijuk, as is used in the structure of traditional houses in Bali, Java, or other places in Nusantara. While the easel structure is assumed to be made of wood, because it is connected with the structure ofihe wood walls to make the house sturdy. Keywords: measures or proportion of houses, basic Form and materials of houses Majapahit kingdom, trowulan

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
    Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik > Sosiologi
    Depositing User: Devi Arlina Irawati
    Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2014 07:04
    Last Modified: 05 Sep 2016 15:08
    URI: https://eprints.uns.ac.id/id/eprint/11120

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